1 January


1449

 Lorenzo de’ Medici
Lorenzo de’ Medici (1 January 1449 – 8 April 1492) was an Italian statesman and de facto ruler of the Florentine Republic, who was the most powerful and enthusiastic patron of the Renaissance. Born in Florence, Republic of Florence. (d. 1492)

1618

 Bartolomé Estéban Murillo
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (baptized January 1, 1618 – April 3, 1682) was a Spanish Baroque painter. Although he is best known for his religious works, Murillo also produced a considerable number of paintings of contemporary women and children. Born in Seville, Spain. (d. 1682)

1735

 Paul Revere
Paul Revere (January 1, 1735 – May 10, 1818) was an American silversmith, engraver, early industrialist, and Patriot in the American Revolution. He is best known for his midnight ride to alert the colonial militia in April 1775 to the approach of British forces before the battles of Lexington and Concord, as dramatized in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s poem, “Paul Revere’s Ride” (1861). Born in North End, Boston, Massachusetts Bay, British America. (d. 1818)

1752

 Betsy Ross
Betsy Ross (January 1, 1752 – January 30, 1836) is widely credited with making the first American flag. According to family tradition, upon a visit from General George Washington, commander-in-chief of the Continental Army, in 1776, Ross convinced George Washington to change the shape of the stars he had sketched for the flag from six-pointed to five-pointed by demonstrating that it was easier and speedier to cut the latter. However, there is no archival evidence or other recorded verbal tradition to substantiate this story of the first American flag. Born Elizabeth Griscom Ross in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (d. 1836)

1863

 Pierre de Coubertin
Pierre de Coubertin (1 January 1863 – 2 September 1937), also known as Baron de Coubertin, was a French educator and historian, and founder of the International Olympic Committee. He is considered the father of the modern Olympic Games. Born Pierre de Frédy in Paris, France. (d. 1937)

1879

 E. M Forster
Edward Morgan Forster OM CH (1 January 1879 – 7 June 1970), known as E. M. Forster, was an English novelist, short story writer, essayist and librettist. Many of his novels examined class difference and hypocrisy in early 20th-century British society, notably A Room with a View (1908), Howards End (1910), and A Passage to India (1924), which brought him his greatest success. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 16 different years. Born in Marylebone, Middlesex, England. (d. 1970)
 William Fox
William Fox (January 1, 1879 – May 8, 1956) was a Hungarian-American motion picture executive, who founded the Fox Film Corporation in 1915 and the Fox West Coast Theatres chain in the 1920s. Born Wilhelm Fuchs in Tolcsva, Hungary. (d. 1956)

1887

 Wilhelm Canaris
Wilhelm Canaris (1 January 1887 – 9 April 1945) was a German admiral and chief of the Abwehr, the German military intelligence service, from 1935 to 1944. Initially a supporter of Adolf Hitler, by 1939 he had turned against the Nazis as he felt Germany would lose another major war. During the Second World War he was among the military officers involved in the clandestine opposition to the Nazi regime. He was executed in Flossenbürg concentration camp for high treason as the Nazi regime was collapsing. Born Wilhelm Franz Canaris in Aplerbeck, Westphalia, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire. (d. 1945)

1888

 John Garand
John C. Garand (January 1, 1888 – February 16, 1974) was a Canadian-American designer of firearms who created the M1 Garand, a semi-automatic rifle that was widely used by the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps during both World War II and the Korean War. Born Jean Cantius Garand in St Rémi, Quebec, Canada. (d. 1974)

1895

 J. Edgar Hoover
J. Edgar Hoover (January 1, 1895 – May 2, 1972) was the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States. He was appointed as the fifth director of the Bureau of Investigation — the FBI’s predecessor — in 1924 and was instrumental in founding the FBI in 1935, where he remained director until his death in 1972 at the age of 77. Born John Edgar Hoover in Washington, DC. (d. 1972)

1909

 Dana Andrews
Dana Andrews (January 1, 1909 – December 17, 1992) was an American film actor and a major Hollywood star during the 1940s. The role for which he received the most praise, was as war veteran Fred Derry in The Best Years of Our Lives (1946). Born Carver Dana Andrews in Collins, Mississippi. (d. 1992)

1911

 Basil Dearden
Basil Dearden (1 January 1911 – 23 March 1971) was an English film director. He began co-directing comedy films with Will Hay, including The Goose Steps Out (1942) and My Learned Friend (1943). He worked on Dead of Night (1945). He also directed The Captive Heart starring Michael Redgrave. The Blue Lamp (1950) is probably the most frequently shown of Dearden’s Ealing films. Born Basil Clive Dear in Leigh-on-Sea, Essex. (d. 1971)

1912

 Kim Philby
Kim Philby (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988) was a high-ranking member of British intelligence who worked as a double agent before defecting to the Soviet Union in 1963. He served as both an NKVD and KGB operative. In 1963, Philby was revealed to be a member of the spy ring now known as the Cambridge Five. Born Harold Adrian Russell Philby in Ambala, Punjab, British India. (d. 1988)

1919

 Rocky Graziano
Rocky Graziano (January 1, 1919 – May 22, 1990) was an American professional boxer who held the World Middleweight title. Graziano is considered one of the greatest knockout artists in boxing history, often displaying the capacity to take his opponent out with a single punch. He was ranked 23rd on The Ring magazine list of the greatest punchers of all time. Born Thomas Rocco Barbella in Brooklyn, New York. (d. 1990)
 Carole Landis
Carole Landis (January 1, 1919 – July 5, 1948) was an American film and stage actress, who worked as a contract-player for Twentieth Century-Fox in the 1940s. Her breakthrough role was as the female lead in the 1940 film One Million B.C., with United Artists. Landis was known as “The Ping Girl” and “The Chest” because of her curvy figure. Born Frances Lillian Mary Ridste in Fairchild, Wisconsin. (d. 1948)
 J. D Salinger
J D Salinger (January 1, 1919 – January 27, 2010) was an American writer who is known for his widely-read novel The Catcher in the Rye. Born Jerome David Salinger in Manhattan, New York City, New York. (d. 2010)
 Sheila Mercier
Sheila Mercier (born 1 January 1919) is an English actress and the elder sister of actor Brian Rix. She is best known for her role as the matriarch Annie Sugden in the long-running British soap opera Emmerdale. Born Sheila Betty Rix in Hull, East Riding of Yorkshire, England.

1925

 Stella Tanner
Stella Tanner (January 1, 1925 – March 26, 2012) was a British radio and television actress. She was cast in guest roles in numerous sitcoms, including an episode of The Rag Trade in 1963 and Fawlty Towers in 1979. (d. 2012)

1927

 Pat Heywood
Patricia Heywood (born 1 August 1931), is a Scottish character actress who has appeared in stage productions, films and television. She was nominated for BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Romeo and Juliet in 1969. Born in Gretna Green, Dumfriesshire.

1930

 Ty Hardin
Ty Hardin (January 1, 1930 – August 3, 2017) was an American actor best known as the star of the 1958 to 1962 ABC/Warner Bros. Western television series Bronco. Born Orison Whipple Hungerford Jr in New York City, New York. (d. 2017)

1933

 Joe Orton
Joe Orton (1 January 1933 – 9 August 1967) was an English playwright and author. His public career was short but prolific, lasting from 1964 until his death three years later. During this brief period he shocked, outraged, and amused audiences with his scandalous black comedies including Entertaining Mr Sloane, Loot, and What the Butler Saw. Born John Kingsley Orton in Leicester, England. (d. 1967)

1935

 B Kliban
B Kliban (January 1, 1935 – August 12, 1990) was an American cartoonist. In 1962, Kliban became a Playboy cartoonist. Born Bernard Kliban in Norwalk, Connecticut. (d. 1990)

1938

 Frank Langella
Frank Langella (born January 1, 1938) is an American stage and film actor. He has won four Tony Awards, two for Best Leading Actor in a Play for his performance as Richard Nixon in the play Frost/Nixon and for his role as André in The Father and two for Best Featured Actor in a Play for the role of Leslie in Edward Albee’s Seascape and for his role as Flegont Alexandrovitch Tropatchov in Ivan Turgenev’s Fortune’s Fool. Additionally, Langella has won two Obie Awards and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role in the film production of Frost/Nixon (2008). Born Frank A Langella Jr in Bayonne, New Jersey.

1942

 Country Joe McDonald
Country Joe McDonald (born January 1, 1942) is an American musician who was the lead singer of the 1960s psychedelic rock group Country Joe and the Fish. Born Joseph Allen McDonald in Washington, DC.

1944

 Suzy Kendall
Suzy Kendall (born 1 January 1944) is a British actress best known for her film roles in the late 1960s and early 1970s including ‘To Sir With Love’ and ‘Up The Junction’. Married actor Dudley Moore in 1968. Born Freda Harriet Harrison in Belper, Derbyshire.

1945

 Jacky Ickx
Jacky Ickx (born 1 January 1945, in Brussels) is a Belgian former racing driver who won the 24 Hours of Le Mans six times, achieved eight wins and 25 podium finishes in Formula One, won the Can-Am Championship in 1979 and is a former winner of the Dakar Rally. Born Jacques Bernard Ickx in Brussels, Belgium.

1948

 Katya Wyeth
Katya Wyeth (born January 1, 1948) is a German-born model and actress notable for her roles in several classic horror films of the 1960s and ’70s. She also appeared in A Clockwork Orange (1971) and two first season episodes of Monty Python’s Flying Circus. Born in Germany.
 Anne Aston
Anne Aston (1 January 1948) is an actress and television presenter best known as the hostess of The Golden Shot in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Born Anne Lloyd in Glasgow, Scotland.

1954

 Richard Gibson
Richard Gibson (born 1 January 1954) is an English actor, probably best known for his role as the archetypal Gestapo Officer Herr Otto Flick in the BBC hit sitcom series, ‘Allo ‘Allo!. Born in Kampala, Uganda.

1956

 Sergei Avdeyev
Sergei Avdeyev (born 1 January 1956) is a Russian engineer and cosmonaut. Avdeyev at one point held the record for cumulative time spent in space with 747.59 days in earth orbit, accumulated through three tours of duty aboard the Mir Space Station. He has orbited the earth 11,968 times traveling about 515,000,000 kilometers. Born in Chapayevsk, Samara Oblast (formerly Kuybyshev Oblast), Russian SFSR.

1958

 Grandmaster Flash
Grandmaster Flash (born January 1, 1958) is a Bajan-American hip hop recording artist and DJ. He is considered to be one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, scratching and mixing. Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2007. Born Joseph Saddler in Bridgetown, Barbados, West Indies.

1959

 Adrian Hall
Adrian Hall (born 1 January 1959) is an English actor. He is best known for the film Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, in which he played the part of Jeremy Potts. Born in Staines, Middlesex.

1961

 Fiona Phillips
Fiona Phillips (born 1 January 1961) is an English journalist, broadcaster and television presenter, best known for her presenting roles with the ITV Breakfast programme GMTV Today. Born in Canterbury, Kent, England.
 Mark Wingett
Mark Wingett (born 1 January 1961) is an English actor. He is best known for playing the role of Jim Carver in the ITV police procedural The Bill. Born Mark Christopher Wingett in Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire, England.

1963

 Linda Henry
Linda Henry (born 1 January 1963) is an English actress, known for her roles as Yvonne Atkins in the ITV television drama Bad Girls (1999-2003) and Shirley Carter in the BBC soap opera EastEnders. Born in Peckham, London, England.

1967

 Spencer Tunick
Spencer Tunick (born January 1, 1967) is an American photographer best known for organizing large-scale nude shoots. Since 1994, he has photographed over 75 human installations around the world. Born in Middletown, New York.
 Sharon Small
Sharon Small (born 1 January 1967) is a Scottish actress acclaimed for her dramatic work in film, radio, theatre, and television. Her best-known TV role is that of Detective Sergeant Barbara Havers in the BBC television adaptation of the Inspector Lynley Mysteries. Born in Glasgow, Scotland.
 Michelle Holmes
Michelle Holmes (born 1 January 1967), is an English actress who has appeared in several television serials. She came to prominence as Sue, one of the babysitters in Rita, Sue and Bob Too. Born Corinne Michelle Cunliffe in Rochdale, Lancashire.

1969

 Verne Troyer
Verne Troyer (born January 1, 1969) is an American actor, stunt actor and comedian. He is notable for his height of 2 ft 8 in (0.81 m), the result of cartilage-hair hypoplasia dwarfism, making him one of the shortest men in the world. He is best known for playing Mini-Me in the Austin Powers series of comedy films. Born in Sturgis, Michigan.

1980

 Elin Nordegren
Elin Nordegren (born January 1, 1980) is a Swedish model, and is the ex-wife of professional golfer Tiger Woods. Born Elin Maria Pernilla Nordegren in Stockholm, Sweden.

1981

 Jonas Armstrong
Jonas Armstrong (born 1 January 1981) is an Irish-born actor known for playing the title role in the BBC One drama series Robin Hood. Born William Jonas Armstrong in Dublin, Ireland.

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