22 January


1561

 Sir Francis Bacon
Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Alban, PC KC (22 January 1561 – 9 April 1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, and author. He served both as Attorney General and as Lord Chancellor of England. Born in Strand, London, England. (d. 1626)

1788

 Lord Byron
George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron, FRS (22 January 1788 – 19 April 1824), commonly known simply as Lord Byron, was a British poet, peer, politician, and a leading figure in the Romantic movement. Among his best-known works are the lengthy narrative poems, Don Juan and Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, and the short lyric poem, “She Walks in Beauty”.Byron is regarded as one of the greatest British poets. Lady Caroline Lamb called him “mad, bad and dangerous to know”. Born George Gordon Byron in London, England. (d. 1824)

1849

 August Strindberg
August Strindberg (22 January 1849 – 14 May 1912) was a Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, essayist and painter. A prolific writer who often drew directly on his personal experience, Strindberg’s career spanned four decades, during which time he wrote over sixty plays and more than thirty works of fiction, autobiography, history, cultural analysis, and politics. Born Johan August Strindberg in Stockholm, Sweden. (d. 1912)

1869

 Grigori Rasputin
Grigori Rasputin (21 January 1869 – 30 December 1916) was a Russian mystic and self-proclaimed holy man who befriended the family of Tsar Nicholas II and gained considerable influence in late imperial Russia. In the early morning of 30 December 1916, Rasputin was assassinated by a group of conservative noblemen who opposed his influence over Alexandra and the Tsar. Born Grigori Yefimovich Rasputin in Pokrovskoye, Siberia, Russian Empire. (d. 1916)

1875

 D. W Griffith
D W Griffith (January 22, 1875 – July 23, 1948) was an American director, writer, and producer who pioneered modern filmmaking techniques. Griffith is most remembered for The Birth of a Nation (1915) and Intolerance (1916). Born David Wark Griffith in Oldham County, Kentucky. (d. 1948)

1891

 Antonio Gramsci
Antonio Gramsci (22 January 1891 – 27 April 1937) was an Italian Marxist philosopher and politician. He wrote on political theory, sociology and linguistics. He was a founding member and one-time leader of the Communist Party of Italy and was imprisoned by Benito Mussolini’s Fascist regime. He wrote more than 30 notebooks and 3,000 pages of history and analysis during his imprisonment. His Prison Notebooks are considered a highly original contribution to 20th century political theory. Born Antonio Francesco Gramsci in Ales, Sardinia, Kingdom of Italy. (d. 1937)

1892

 Marcel Dassault
Marcel Dassault (22 January 1892 – 17 April 1986) was a French aircraft industrialist. He worked at the French Aeronautics Research Laboratory during World War I and invented a type of aircraft propeller. In 1944 the Nazis deported him to the Buchenwald concentration camp, as punishment for refusing to co-operate with their regime. Born Marcel Bloch in Paris, France. (d. 1986)

1893

 Conrad Veidt
Conrad Veidt (22 January 1893 – 3 April 1943) was a German actor best remembered for his roles in films such as The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1920), The Man Who Laughs (1928), and, after being forced to migrate to Britain by the rise of Nazism in Germany, his English-speaking roles in The Thief of Bagdad (1940), and, in Hollywood, Casablanca (1942). Born Hans Walter Conrad Veidt in Berlin, Germany. (d. 1943)

1898

 Sergei Eisenstein
Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein (22 January 1898 – 11 February 1948) was a Soviet film director and film theorist, a pioneer in the theory and practice of montage. He is noted in particular for his silent films Strike (1925), Battleship Potemkin (1925) and October (1928), as well as the historical epics Alexander Nevsky (1938) and Ivan the Terrible (1944, 1958). Born Sergei Mikhailovich Eizenshtein in Riga, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire. (d. 1948)

1904

 George Balanchine
George Balanchine (January 22, 1904 – April 30, 1983) was a choreographer. Styled as the father of American ballet, he co-founded the New York City Ballet and remained its Artistic Director for more than 35 years. Born Giorgi Melitonovich Balanchivadze in St Petersburg, Russia. (d. 1983)

1905

 Willy Hartner
Willy Hartner (22 January 1905 – 16 May 1981) was a German scientist and polymath. In 1943, he founded the Institute for the History of Natural Sciences. He was president of the Académie Internationale d’Histoire des Sciences from 1971 to 1978. He was a fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society from 1935, of the Academia Real de buenas letras, Spain, in 1968 and of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Italy, in 1975, and of the Royal Danish Academy in 1980. In 1975, he received the rank of knight in the Légion d’honneur. (d. 1981)

1906

 Joe Gladwin
Joe Gladwin (22 January 1906 – 11 March 1987) was a British actor. He was best known in his roles as myopic Stan Hardman in Nearest and Dearest from 1968 to 1973, and Wally Batty in the world’s longest-running sitcom, Last of the Summer Wine in 1975. He was also the voice of the “Hovis” television ads for many years. Born Joseph Gladwin in Ordsall, Salford, Lancashire, England. (d. 1987)

1907

 Dixie Dean
Dixie Dean (22 January 1907 – 1 March 1980) was an English footballer who played as a centre forward. He is best known for his exploits during the 1927-28 season, which saw him score a record 60 league goals. He also scored 18 goals in 16 appearances for England. Born William Ralph Dean in Birkenhead, Cheshire, England. (d. 1980)

1909

 Ann Sothern
Ann Sothern (January 22, 1909 – March 15, 2001) was an American actress who worked on stage, radio, film, and television, in a career that spanned nearly six decades. In 1939, MGM cast her as Maisie Ravier which spawned a successful film series and a network radio series. In 1953, Sothern moved into television as the star of her own sitcom Private Secretary. The series aired for five seasons on CBS and earned Sothern three Primetime Emmy Award nominations. In 1987, Sothern appeared in her final film The Whales of August, starring Bette Davis and Lillian Gish. Sothern earned her first and only Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actress for her role in the film. Born Harriette Arlene Lake in Valley City, North Dakota. (d. 2001)
 U Thant
Thant (22 January 1909 – 25 November 1974), known honorifically as U Thant, was a Burmese diplomat and the third Secretary-General of the United Nations from 1961 to 1971, the first non-European to hold the position. He held the office for a record 10 years and one month (3,684 days). Born in Pantanaw, British Burma, British India. (d. 1974)

1911

 Mary Hayley Bell
Mary Hayley Bell, Lady Mills (22 January 1911 – 1 December 2005) was an English actress and writer, married for 64 years to actor Sir John Mills. She wrote the novel Whistle Down the Wind (1959), co-wrote the screenplay and story of Sky West and Crooked (1966), and wrote additional dialogue for Scott of the Antarctic (1948). Whistle Down the Wind was made into a film in 1961 (starring daughter Hayley Mills). Born in Shanghai, China. (d. 2005)

1920

 Sir Alf Ramsey
Sir Alf Ramsey (22 January 1920 – 28 April 1999) was an English football player and manager who, as manager of the England national football team from 1963 to 1974, guided England to victory in the 1966 FIFA World Cup. Knighted in 1967 in recognition of England’s World Cup win, Ramsey also managed England to third place in the 1968 European Championship and the quarter-finals of the 1970 World Cup and the 1972 European Championship respectively. Born Alfred Ernest Ramsey. (d. 1999)

1931

 Sam Cooke
Sam Cook (January 22, 1931 – December 11, 1964), known professionally as Sam Cooke, was an American singer, songwriter, and entrepreneur. He scored a string of hit songs like “You Send Me”, “Wonderful World”, “Chain Gang”, and “Twistin’ the Night Away”. On December 11, 1964, at the age of 33, Cooke was shot and killed by Bertha Franklin, the manager of the Hacienda Motel in Los Angeles, California. Born Samuel Cook. (d. 1964)

1932

 Piper Laurie
Piper Laurie (born January 22, 1932) is an American stage and screen actress known for her roles in the films The Hustler (1961), Carrie (1976), and Children of a Lesser God (1986), all of which brought her Academy Award nominations. She is also known for her performances as Kirsten Arnesen in the original TV production of Days of Wine and Roses and as Catherine Martell in the cult television series Twin Peaks, for which she won a Golden Globe Award in 1991. Born Rosetta Jacobs in Detroit, Michigan.

1934

 Bill Bixby
Bill Bixby (January 22, 1934 − November 21, 1993) was an American actor, director, producer, and frequent game-show panelist. His career spanned more than three decades, including appearances on stage, in films, and on television series. He is known for his roles as Tim O’Hara on the sitcom My Favorite Martian, and stage illusionist Anthony Blake in the NBC crime drama series The Magician, but is perhaps best known for his role as scientist Dr. David Banner on the science-fiction drama series The Incredible Hulk. Born Wilfred Bailey Everett Bixby III in San Francisco, California. (d. 1993)
 Graham Kerr
Graham Kerr (born 22 January 1934) is an English cooking personality who is best known for his 1969-1971 television cooking show The Galloping Gourmet. The Galloping Gourmet was a huge hit, and earned two Emmy Award nominations. During its run, Kerr became a worldwide sensation and wrote an abundance of cookbooks. Born in London.

1936

 Nyree Dawn Porter
Nyree Dawn Porter OBE (22 January 1936 – 10 April 2001) was a New Zealand-born stage, film and television actress. She appeared in several television productions and is probably best remembered for her role as Irene in The Forsyte Saga. Born Ngaire Dawn Porter in Napier, New Zealand. (d. 2001)

1937

 Joseph Wambaugh
Joseph Wambaugh, Jr. (born January 22, 1937) is a bestselling American writer known for his fictional and non-fictional accounts of police work in the United States. His books include The Blue Knight, The Choirboys, The Black Marble and The Onion Field. Born Joseph Aloysius Wambaugh in East Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

1940

 John Hurt
Sir John Hurt, CBE (22 January 1940 – 25 January 2017) was an English actor whose screen and stage career spanned more than 50 years. Hurt was regarded as one of Britain’s finest actors. Hurt came to prominence for his role as Richard Rich in the film A Man for All Seasons (1966) and gained BAFTA Award nominations for his portrayals of Timothy Evans in 10 Rillington Place (1971) and Quentin Crisp in television film The Naked Civil Servant (1975) – winning his first BAFTA for the latter. He played Caligula in the BBC TV series I, Claudius (1976). Hurt’s performance in the prison drama Midnight Express (1978) brought him international renown and earned Golden Globe and BAFTA Awards, along with an Academy Award nomination. His BAFTA-nominated portrayal of astronaut Kane, in science-fiction horror Alien (1979), yielded a scene which has been named by several publications as one of the most memorable in cinematic history. Hurt earned his third competitive BAFTA, along with his second Oscar and Golden Globe nominations, as Joseph Merrick in David Lynch’s biopic The Elephant Man (1980). In 2012, he was honoured with the Lifetime Achievement BAFTA Award, in recognition of his “outstanding contribution to cinema”. Born John Vincent Hurt in Chesterfield, Derbyshire, England. (d. 2017)

1950

 Pamela Salem
Pamela Salem (born 22 January 1950) is a British film and television actress of Anglo-Indian descent. In film, she played the role of Miss Moneypenny in the ‘unofficial’ 1983 James Bond film Never Say Never Again, starring Sean Connery. Television guest appearances have included roles in popular British series such as Blake’s 7, The Onedin Line, The Professionals, Howards’ Way, Ever Decreasing Circles, and All Creatures Great and Small, and later on in American series including The West Wing where she played a British prime minister. Born in Bombay, India.

1953

 Jim Jarmusch
Jim Jarmusch (born January 22, 1953) is an American film director, screenwriter, actor, producer, editor, and composer. He has been a major proponent of independent cinema since the 1980s. Born James Robert Jarmusch.

1957

 Francis Wheen
Francis Wheen (born 22 January 1957) is a British journalist, writer and broadcaster. Wheen broadcasts regularly, mainly on BBC Radio 4, has made many appearances on The News Quiz and has also several times been a guest on Have I Got News for You. Born Francis James Baird Wheen.

1959

 Linda Blair
Linda Blair (born January 22, 1959) is an American actress and animal rights activist. Blair is best known for her role as the possessed child, Regan, in the film The Exorcist (1973), for which she was nominated for an Academy Award and won a Golden Globe. Born Linda Denise Blair in St Louis, Missouri.

1960

 Michael Hutchence
Michael Hutchence (22 January 1960 – 22 November 1997) was an Australian musician and actor. He was a founding member, lead singer and lyricist of rock band INXS from 1977 until his death in November 1997. Hutchence won the ‘Best International Artist’ at the 1991 BRIT Awards with INXS winning the related group award. Born Michael Kelland John Hutchence in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. (d. 1997)

1964

 Nigel Benn
Nigel Benn (born 22 January 1964) is a British former professional boxer who competed from 1987 to 1996. He is a two-weight world champion, having held the WBO middleweight title in 1990, and the WBC super-middleweight title from 1992 to 1996. Additionally he held the Commonwealth middleweight title from 1988 to 1989. Nicknamed “The Dark Destroyer” for his formidable punching power and aggressive fighting style, Benn is ranked by BoxRec as the fourth best British super-middleweight boxer of all time. Born Nigel Gregory Benn in Ilford, London,
England.

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