25 January


1627

 Robert Boyle
Robert Boyle FRS (25 January 1627 – 31 December 1691) was an Anglo-Irish natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, and inventor. Boyle is largely regarded today as the first modern chemist, and therefore one of the founders of modern chemistry, and one of the pioneers of modern experimental scientific method. He is best known for Boyle’s law, which describes the inversely proportional relationship between the absolute pressure and volume of a gas, if the temperature is kept constant within a closed system. Born Robert William Boyle in Lismore Castle, Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland. (d. 1691)

1759

 Robert Burns
Robert Burns (25 January 1759 – 21 July 1796), also known as Rabbie Burns, the Bard of Ayrshire, Ploughman Poet and various other names and epithets, was a Scottish poet and lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland and is celebrated worldwide. His poem (and song) “Auld Lang Syne” is often sung at Hogmanay (the last day of the year), and “Scots Wha Hae” served for a long time as an unofficial national anthem of the country. Other poems and songs of Burns that remain well known across the world today include “A Red, Red Rose”, “A Man’s a Man for A’ That”, “To a Louse”, “To a Mouse” and “Tam o’ Shanter”. Born in Alloway, Ayrshire, Scotland. (d. 1796)

1874

 W. Somerset Maugham
W Somerset Maugham CH (/mɔːm/ MAWM; 25 January 1874 – 16 December 1965), better known as W. Somerset Maugham, was a British playwright, novelist and short story writer. He was among the most popular writers of his era and reputedly the highest-paid author during the 1930s. Maugham’s masterpiece is generally agreed to be Of Human Bondage. Born William Somerset Maugham in UK Embassy, Paris, France. (d. 1965)

1882

 Virginia Woolf
Virginia Woolf (25 January 1882 – 28 March 1941) was an English writer, who is considered one of the foremost modernist authors of the 20th century and a pioneer in the use of stream of consciousness as a narrative device. Woolf was a significant figure in London literary society and a central figure in the influential Bloomsbury Group of intellectuals. Her best-known works include the novels Mrs Dalloway (1925), To the Lighthouse (1927) and Orlando (1928). Born Adeline Virginia Stephen in Kensington, London. (d. 1941)

1915

 Ewan MacColl
Ewan MacColl (25 January 1915 – 22 October 1989) was an English folk singer, songwriter, communist, labour activist, actor, poet, playwright and record producer. His song “Dirty Old Town” was inspired by his home town of Salford. He wrote “The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face”. This song became a No. 1 hit in 1972 when recorded by Roberta Flack and won MacColl a Grammy Award for Song of the Year, while Flack received a Grammy Award for Record of the Year. Born James Henry Miller in Broughton, Salford, Lancashire, England. (d. 1989)

1922

 Raymond Baxter
Raymond Frederic Baxter OBE (25 January 1922 – 15 September 2006) was an English television presenter and writer. He is best known for being the first presenter of Tomorrow’s World, continuing for 12 years, from 1965 to 1977. Born Raymond Frederic Baxter in Ilford, Essex. (d. 2006)

1931

 Dean Jones
Dean Jones (January 25, 1931 – September 1, 2015) was an American actor. Jones was best known for his light-hearted leading roles in several Walt Disney movies between 1965 and 1977 such as The Love Bug (1968). Jones also originated the role of Bobby in Stephen Sondheim’s Company. Born Dean Carroll Jones in Decatur, Alabama. (d. 2015)

1933

 Corazon Aquino
Cory Cojuangco Aquino (January 25, 1933 – August 1, 2009) was a Filipina politician who served as the 11th President of the Philippines and the first woman to hold that office. She is widely accredited as the Mother of Asian Democracy. The first female president in Asia, Aquino was the most prominent figure of the 1986 People Power Revolution, which toppled the 21-year authoritarian rule of President Ferdinand E. Marcos and restored democracy to the Philippines. She was named Time magazine’s “Woman of the Year” in 1986. Born Maria Corazon Sumulong Cojuangco in Paniqui, Philippine Islands. (d. 2009)

1936

 Diana Hyland
Diana Hyland (January 25, 1936 – March 27, 1977) was an American stage, film and television actress. In 1959, she originated the role on Broadway of Heavenly Finley in Tennessee Williams’ Sweet Bird of Youth. She had a continuing role as Susan Winter in the prime-time soap opera Peyton Place from 1968 to 1969. Born Diana Gentner in Cleveland Heights, Ohio. (d. 1977)

1938

 Etta James
Etta James (January 25, 1938 – January 20, 2012) was an American singer who performed in various genres, including blues, R&B, soul, rock and roll, jazz and gospel. Starting her career in 1954, she gained fame with hits such as “At Last”. She won six Grammy Awards and 17 Blues Music Awards. She was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1993, the Blues Hall of Fame in 2001, and the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1999. Born Jamesetta Hawkins in Los Angeles, California. (d. 2012)

1939

 Angela Thorne
Angela Thorne (born 25 January 1939) is an English actress who is best known for her roles in To the Manor Born, as Audrey Fforbes-Hamilton’s best friend Marjory Frobisher, and as Margaret Thatcher in Anyone for Denis?. Born in Karachi, British India.

1942

 Eusébio
Eusébio da Silva Ferreira GCIH, GCM (25 January 1942 – 5 January 2014) was a Portuguese footballer who played as a striker. Eusébio is considered by many as one of the greatest footballers of all time. During his professional career, he scored 733 goals in 745 matches (41 goals in 64 matches for Portugal). He won the Ballon d’Or award for European footballer of the year in 1965. He played for Benfica for 15 out of his 22 years as a footballer, thus being mainly associated with the Portuguese club, and is the team’s all-time top scorer with 638 goals scored in 614 official games. There, he won eleven Primeira Liga titles, five Taça de Portugal titles, a European Cup (1961-62) and helped them reach three additional European Cup finals (1963, 1965, 1968). He is the eighth-highest goalscorer in the history of the European Cup. Born Eusébio da Silva Ferreira in Lourenço Marques, Portuguese Mozambique. (d. 2014)

1943

 Tobe Hooper
Tobe Hooper (January 25, 1943 – August 26, 2017) was an American director, screenwriter, and producer best known for his work in the horror genre. Among his most recognized films are The Texas Chain Saw Massacre (1974), which The Guardian described as “one of the most influential films ever made”, and Poltergeist (1982), which received three Academy Award nominations. Born Willard Tobe Hooper in Austin, Texas. (d. 2017)

1949

 John Cooper Clarke
John Cooper Clarke (born 25 January 1949) is an English performance poet who first became famous during the punk rock era of the late 1970s when he became known as a “punk poet”. He released several albums in the late 1970s and early 1980s, and continues to perform regularly. Born in Salford, Lancashire, England.

1952

 Peter Tatchell
Peter Tatchell (born 25 January 1952) is a British human rights campaigner best known for his work with LGBT social movements. Tatchell was one of thirty people to attend the inaugural meeting of the radical gay rights non-violent direct action group OutRage!. Born Peter Gary Tatchell in Coober Pedy, Australia.

1958

 Dinah Manoff
Dinah Manoff (born January 25, 1956) is an American stage, film, and television actress and television director. She is best known for her roles as Elaine Lefkowitz on Soap, and Marty Maraschino in the film Grease. Born Dinah Beth Manoff in New York City, New York.

1962

 Emma Freud
Emma Freud OBE (born 25 January 1962) is an English broadcaster and cultural commentator. Freud has edited scripts for a number of films and comedy programs written by her partner Richard Curtis. She is the great-granddaughter of psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Born Emma Vallencey Freud in London, England.

1965

 Mark Jordon
Mark Jordon (born 25 January 1965) is an English actor of Polish and Irish descent, best known for playing PC Phil Bellamy in the British television series Heartbeat. Born in Oldham, Lancashire, England.

1978

 Charlene Princess of Monaco
Charlene, Princess of Monaco (born 25 January 1978), is a former Olympic swimmer for South Africa and wife of Prince Albert II. Born Charlene Lynette Wittstock in Bulawayo, Rhodesia.

1981

 Alicia Keys
Alicia Keys (born January 25, 1981) is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, pianist, actress, and activist. Her number-one single “No One”, selling 5 million copies worldwide and earning an additional three Grammy Awards. “The Element of Freedom” became her first chart-topping album in the UK, and selling 4 million copies worldwide. Keys additionally collaborated with Jay Z on “Empire State of Mind” as her fourth number-one single, and won Best Rap/Sung Collaboration in 2010. Keys has won numerous awards such as 15 Grammy Awards and 17 NAACP Image Awards and has sold over 35 million albums and 30 million singles worldwide. Born Alicia Augello Cook in Hell’s Kitchen, Manhattan, New York.

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