9 March


1454

 Amerigo Vespucci
Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454 – February 22, 1512) was an Italian explorer, financier, navigator and cartographer who first demonstrated that Brazil and the West Indies did not represent Asia’s eastern outskirts as initially conjectured from Columbus’ voyages. Born in Florence, Italy. (d. 1512)

1824

 Leland Stanford
Amasa Leland Stanford (March 9, 1824 – June 21, 1893) was an American tycoon, industrialist, politician and founder of Stanford University. (d. 1893)

1856

 Eddie Foy Sr.
Eddie Foy, Sr. (born March 9, 1856 – February 16, 1928) was an American actor, comedian, dancer and vaudevillian. Between 1910 and 1913, he formed a family vaudeville act, “Eddie Foy and The Seven Little Foys”, which quickly became a national sensation. Born Edwin Fitzgerald in Manhattan, New York, USA. (d. 1928)

1890

 Vyacheslav Molotov
Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov (9 March 1890 – 8 November 1986) was a Soviet politician and diplomat, an Old Bolshevik, and a leading figure in the Soviet government from the 1920s, when he rose to power as a protégé of Joseph Stalin. During the Winter War, when Molotov claimed in radio broadcasts that they were not bombing, but rather delivering food to the starving Finns, the Finns started to call the air bombs Molotov bread baskets. Soon they responded by attacking advancing tanks with “Molotov cocktails,” which were “a drink to go with the food.” Born in Kukarka, Russian Empire. (d. 1986)

1892

 Vita Sackville-West
The Hon Victoria Mary Sackville-West, Lady Nicolson, CH (9 March 1892 – 2 June 1962), best known as Vita Sackville-West, was an English author, poet and gardener. She won the Hawthornden Prize in 1927 and 1933. She was known for her exuberant aristocratic life, her passionate affair with the novelist Virginia Woolf, and Sissinghurst Castle Garden, which she and her husband, Sir Harold Nicolson, created at their estate. Born at Knole House, Kent, England. (d. 1962)

1902

 Will Geer
Will Geer (March 9, 1902 – April 22, 1978) was an American actor and social activist, known for his portrayal of Grandpa Zebulon Tyler Walton in the 1970s TV series The Waltons. Born William Aughe Ghere in Frankfort, Indiana. (d. 1978)

1910

 Samuel Barber
Samuel Osmond Barber II (March 9, 1910 – January 23, 1981) was an American composer of orchestral, opera, choral, and piano music. He is one of the most celebrated composers of the 20th century. His Adagio for Strings (1936) has earned a permanent place in the concert repertory of orchestras. He was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Music twice. Born in West Chester, Pennsylvania. (d. 1981)

1915

 Johnnie Johnson
Air Vice Marshal James Edgar “Johnnie” Johnson CB, CBE, DSO & Two Bars, DFC & Bar (9 March 1915 – 30 January 2001) was a Royal Air Force (RAF) pilot and flying ace who flew and fought during the Second World War. Johnson was credited with 34 individual victories over enemy aircraft. He was the highest scoring Western Allied fighter ace against the German Luftwaffe. Born in Barrow upon Soar, Leicestershire. (d. 2001)

1918

 Mickey Spillane
Frank Morrison Spillane (March 9, 1918 – July 17, 2006), better known as Mickey Spillane, was an American author of crime novels, many featuring his signature detective character, Mike Hammer. More than 225 million copies of his books have sold internationally. Born in Brooklyn, New York City. (d. 2006)

1932

 Keely Smith
Keely Smith (born March 9, 1928) is an American jazz and popular music singer who enjoyed popularity in the 1950s and 1960s. Born Dorothy Jacqueline Keely in Norfolk, Virginia, U.S.

1934

 Yuri Gagarin
Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin (9 March 1934 – 27 March 1968) was a Russian-Soviet pilot and cosmonaut. He was the first human to journey into outer space, when his Vostok spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on 12 April 1961. He was awarded many medals and titles, including Hero of the Soviet Union. Born in the village of Klushino, near Gzhatsk, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union. (d. 1968)
 Joyce Van Patten
Joyce Benignia Van Patten (born March 9, 1934) is an American stage, film and television actress, best known for the wry, astringent and neurotic characters she portrays. She was a member of the original cast of As the World Turns. Born in New York City.

1938

 Tom Adams
Tom Adams (9 March 1938 – 11 December 2014) was an English actor with roles in adventure, horror and mystery films and several TV shows. He was best known for his role as Daniel Fogarty in several series of The Onedin Line. Born in Poplar, London. (d. 2014)

1939

 John Howard Davies
John Howard Davies (9 March 1939 – 22 August 2011) was an English child actor who later became a television director and producer. His credits as a child actor include the title role at the age of nine in David Lean’s production Oliver Twist (1948), followed by The Rocking Horse Winner (1949), Tom Brown’s Schooldays (1951) and a few episodes of the television series William Tell (1958). Born in Paddington, London. (d. 2011)

1940

 Raúl Juliá
Raúl Rafael Juliá y Arcelay (March 9, 1940 – October 24, 1994) was a Puerto Rican actor. In 1991 and 1993, Juliá portrayed Gomez Addams in two film adaptations of The Addams Family. Born in San Juan. (d. 1994)

1943

 Bobby Fischer
Robert James “Bobby” Fischer (March 9, 1943 – January 17, 2008) was an American chess prodigy, grandmaster, and the eleventh World Chess Champion. Many consider him the greatest chess player of all time. Born at Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago, Illinois. (d. 2008)

1946

 Alexandra Bastedo
Alexandra Lendon Bastedo (9 March 1946 – 12 January 2014) was a British actress, best known for her role as secret agent Sharron Macready in the 1968 British espionage/science fiction adventure series The Champions. She has been cited as a sex symbol of the 1960s and ’70s. Born in Hove, England. (d. 2014)

1952

 Bill Beaumont
William “Bill” Blackledge Beaumont CBE (born 9 March 1952) was captain of the England rugby union team at a time when they struggled to win games. His greatest moment as captain was the unexpected 1980 Grand Slam. He went on to be team captain on the BBC quiz show A Question of Sport. Born in Chorley, Lancashire, England.

1954

 Bobby Sands
Robert Gerard “Bobby” Sands (9 March 1954 – 5 May 1981) was a member of the Provisional Irish Republican Army who died on hunger strike while imprisoned at HM Prison Maze. Born in Whiteabbey, Newtownabbey, Northern Ireland. (d. 1981)

1955

 Ornella Muti
Ornella Muti (born 9 March 1955) is an Italian actress. She has primarily worked in Italian films but she made her English-speaking film debut as Princess Aura in Flash Gordon in 1980. She was voted “The Most Beautiful Woman in the World” in 1994 by a worldwide poll of readers of the magazine Class. Born Francesca Romana Rivelli in Rome.

1964

 Juliette Binoche
Juliette Binoche (born 9 March 1964) is a French actress, artist and dancer. She has appeared in more than 40 feature films. She was awarded an Academy Award and a BAFTA for Best Supporting Actress in addition to the Best Actress Award at the 1997 Berlin Film Festival for The English Patient (1996). Born in Paris.

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