22 April


1451

 Isabella I of Castile
Isabella I (22 April 1451 – 26 November 1504) was Queen of Castile. She was married to Ferdinand II of Aragon. Isabella and Ferdinand are known for completing the Reconquista, ordering conversion or exile of their Muslim and Jewish subjects in the Spanish Inquisition, and for supporting and financing Christopher Columbus’ 1492 voyage that led to the opening of the New World. Born in Madrigal de las Altas Torres. (d. 1504)

1707

 Henry Fielding
Henry Fielding (22 April 1707 – 8 October 1754) was an English novelist and dramatist known for his rich, earthy humour and satirical prowess, and as the author of the picaresque novel Tom Jones. Additionally, he holds a significant place in the history of law enforcement, having used his authority as a magistrate to found (with his half-brother John) what some have called London’s first police force, the Bow Street Runners. Born in Sharpham, Somerset, England. (d. 1754)

1724

 Immanuel Kant
Immanuel Kant ( 22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy. In his doctrine of transcendental idealism, he argued that space, time and causation are mere sensibilities; “things-in-themselves” exist, but their nature is unknowable. Born in Königsberg, Prussia. (d. 1804)

1870

 Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin (22 April 1870 – 21 January 1924) was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He served as head of government of Soviet Russia from 1917 to 1924 and of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924. Under his administration, Russia and then the wider Soviet Union became a one-party communist state governed by the Russian Communist Party. Ideologically a Marxist, he developed political theories known as Leninism. Born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov in Simbirsk, Russian Empire. (d. 1924)

1899

 Vladimir Nabokov
Vladimir Nabokov (22 April 1899 – 2 July 1977) was a Russian-born novelist, poet, translator and entomologist. Nabokov’s Lolita (1955), his most noted novel in English, was ranked fourth in the list of the Modern Library 100 Best Novels; Pale Fire (1962) was ranked 53rd on the same list. Born Vladimir Vladimirovich Nabokov in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire. (d. 1977)

1904

 J. Robert Oppenheimer
J Robert Oppenheimer (April 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967) was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. Oppenheimer was the wartime head of the Los Alamos Laboratory and is among those who are credited with being the “father of the atomic bomb” for their role in the Manhattan Project. Born Julius Robert Oppenheimer in New York City, New York. (d. 1967)

1906

 Eddie Albert
Eddie Albert (April 22, 1906 – May 26, 2005) was an American actor and activist. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor in 1954 for his performance in Roman Holiday, and in 1973 for The Heartbreak Kid. He starred as Oliver Wendell Douglas in the 1960s television sitcom Green Acres. Born Edward Albert Heimberger in Rock Island, Illinois. (d. 2005)

1912

 Kathleen Ferrier
Kathleen Ferrier, CBE (22 April 1912 – 8 October 1953) was an English contralto singer who achieved an international reputation as a stage, concert and recording artist, with a repertoire extending from folksong and popular ballads to the classical works of Bach, Brahms, Mahler and Elgar. Born Kathleen Mary Ferrier in Higher Walton, Lancashire. (d. 1953)

1916

 Yehudi Menuhin
Yehudi Menuhin, Baron Menuhin, OM KBE (22 April 1916 – 12 March 1999) was an American-born violinist and conductor who spent most of his performing career in Britain. He is widely considered one of the greatest violinists of the 20th century. Born in New York City. (d. 1999)

1922

 Charles Mingus
Charles Mingus Jr. (April 22, 1922 – January 5, 1979) was an American jazz double bassist, pianist, composer and bandleader. A major proponent of collective improvisation, he is considered to be one of the greatest jazz musicians and composers in history. Born in a US Army Base in Nogales, Arizona. (d. 1979)

1923

 Avis Bunnage
Avis Bunnage (22 April 1923 – 4 October 1990) was an English actress of film, stage and television. She appeared as Veronica, the wife of Rigsby, in Rising Damp, for one episode, and as Amy Jenkinson, Ivy Unsworth’s friend, in 11 episodes of In Loving Memory. Bunnage was a member of Joan Littlewood’s Theatre Workshop company at the Theatre Royal Stratford East. There she created the role of Helen, the mother in A Taste of Honey. Among her various film roles were several British New Wave productions, Saturday Night and Sunday Morning and The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner. Born in Ardwick, Manchester, Lancashire. (d. 1990)
 Bettie Page
Bettie Page (April 22, 1923 – December 11, 2008) was an American model who gained a significant profile in the 1950s for her pin-up photos. Often referred to as the “Queen of Pinups”, her jet-black hair, blue eyes, and trademark fringe have influenced artists for generations. Born Bettie Mae Page in Nashville, Tennessee. (d. 2008)
 Aaron Spelling
Aaron Spelling (April 22, 1923 – June 23, 2006) was an American film and television producer. Some of his works include the TV programs Charlie’s Angels (1976-81), The Love Boat (1977-86), Hart to Hart (1979-84), Dynasty (1981-89), Beverly Hills, 90210 (1990-2000), and Charmed (1998-2006). Born in Dallas, Texas. (d. 2006)
 Hugh Lloyd
Hugh Lloyd, MBE (22 April 1923 – 14 July 2008) was an English actor who made his name in television and film comedy from the 1960s to the 1980s. He was best known for appearances in Hugh and I and other sitcoms of the 1960s. Born Hugh Lewis Lloyd in Chester, England. (d. 2008)

1925

 George Cole
George Edward Cole OBE (22 April 1925 – 5 August 2015) was an English film and television actor whose career spanned more than 70 years in show business. He became familiar to audiences in British comedy films in the 1950s. Cole appeared with Alastair Sim in Scrooge (as the young Scrooge) in 1951, but his best known film role was as “Flash Harry” in the St Trinian’s films (two of which also star Sim), and in the comedy Too Many Crooks (1959). On TV he is best remembered for playing Arthur Daley in the long-running ITV drama show Minder. Born George Edward Cole in Tooting, Surrey, England. (d. 2015)

1926

 James Stirling
Sir James Stirling RA (22 April 1926 – 25 June 1992) was a British architect. The Stirling Prize, a British annual prize for architecture since 1996, was named after him. Born James Frazer Stirling in Glasgow. (d. 1992)
 Charlotte Rae
Charlotte Rae (April 22, 1926 – August 5, 2018) was an American character actress, comedian, and singer whose career spanned six decades. Rae was known for her portrayal of Edna Garrett in the sitcoms Diff’rent Strokes and its spin-off, The Facts of Life. She received a Primetime Emmy Award nomination for Best Actress in a Comedy in 1982. Born Charlotte Rae Lubotsky in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. (d. 2018)

1936

 Glen Campbell
Glen Campbell (April 22, 1936 – August 8, 2017) was an American singer, guitarist, songwriter, television host, and actor. He was best known for a series of hits in the 1960s and 1970s. Born Glen Travis Campbell in Billstown, Arkansas. (d. 2017)

1937

 Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson (born April 22, 1937) is an American actor and filmmaker who has performed for over sixty years. His most known and celebrated films include the road drama Easy Rider (1969); the dramas Five Easy Pieces (1970) and One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest (1975); the comedy-dramas The Last Detail (1973), Terms of Endearment (1983), As Good as It Gets (1997), About Schmidt (2002), and The Bucket List (2007); the neo-noir mystery Chinatown (1974); the horror film The Shining (1980); the biopic Reds (1981); the fantasy comedy The Witches of Eastwick (1987); the superhero film Batman (1989) as the Joker; the legal drama A Few Good Men (1992); and the romantic comedy Something’s Gotta Give (2003). Nicholson’s 12 Academy Award nominations make him the most nominated male actor in the Academy’s history. Nicholson has won the Academy Award for Best Actor twice. Born John Joseph Nicholson in Neptune City, New Jersey.

1944

 Steve Fossett
Steve Fossett (April 22, 1944 – September 3, 2007) was an American businessman and a record-setting aviator, sailor, and adventurer. He was the first person to fly solo nonstop around the world in a balloon. Born James Stephen Fossett in Jackson, Tennessee. (d. 2007)

1946

 John Waters
John Waters (born April 22, 1946) is an American film director, screenwriter, author, actor, stand-up comedian, journalist, visual artist, and art collector, who rose to fame in the early 1970s for his transgressive cult films. Born John Samuel Waters Jr in Baltimore, Maryland.

1948

 Carol Drinkwater
Carol Drinkwater (born 22 April 1948) is an Anglo-Irish actress, author and filmmaker. She is best known for her award-winning portrayal of Helen Herriot in the television adaptation of the James Herriot books All Creatures Great and Small, which led to her receiving the Variety Club Television Personality of the Year award in 1985. Born in London, England.

1950

 Peter Frampton
Peter Frampton (born 22 April 1950) is an English-American rock musician, singer, songwriter, producer, and guitarist. He was previously associated with the bands Humble Pie and The Herd. After the end of his ‘group’ career, as a solo artist, Frampton released several albums including his international breakthrough album, the live release Frampton Comes Alive!. The album sold more than 8 million copies in the United States and spawned several hit singles. Born Peter Kenneth Frampton in Bromley, Kent, England.

1952

 Marilyn Chambers
Marilyn Chambers (April 22, 1952 – April 12, 2009) was an American pornographic film actress, exotic dancer, model, actress, and vice-presidential candidate. She was known for her 1972 hardcore film debut Behind the Green Door and her 1980 pornographic film Insatiable. She ranked at No. 6 on the list of Top 50 Porn Stars of All Time by AVN, and ranked as one of Playboy’s Top 100 Sex Stars of the Century in 1999. Born Marilyn Ann Taylor or Briggs in Providence, Rhode Island. (d. 2009)

1959

 Ryan Stiles
Ryan Stiles (born April 22, 1959) is a Canadian-American actor, comedian, producer and director. He is best known for his career and co-production work on the American and British versions of Whose Line Is It Anyway? and the role of Lewis Kiniski on The Drew Carey Show. He played Herb Melnick on the CBS comedy Two and a Half Men. Born Ryan Lee Stiles in Seattle, Washington.

1960

 Gary Rhodes
Gary Rhodes OBE (born 22 April 1960) is an English restaurateur and television chef, known for his love of British cuisine and the distinctive spiked hair style that he once wore. He has fronted shows such as MasterChef, MasterChef USA, Hell’s Kitchen, and his own series, Rhodes Around Britain. Born in London, England.

1963

 Sean Lock
Sean Lock (born 22 April 1963) is an English comedian and actor. He began his comedy career as a stand-up comedian, won the British Comedy Award in 2000 in the category of Best Live Comic, and was nominated for the Perrier Comedy Award. He is possibly best known for his role as a team captain on Channel 4 comedy panel show 8 Out of 10 Cats from 2005-2015, and on 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown since 2012. Born in Chertsey, Surrey, England.

1966

 Jeffrey Dean Morgan
Jeffrey Dean Morgan (born April 22, 1966) is an American actor. He is known for his roles as John Winchester on the fantasy horror series Supernatural (2005-07), Denny Duquette on the medical drama series Grey’s Anatomy (2006-09), The Comedian in the superhero film Watchmen (2009), Jason Crouse on the political drama series The Good Wife (2015-16), Negan on the horror drama series The Walking Dead (2016-present), and Harvey Russell in Rampage (2018). Born in Seattle, Washington.

1967

 Sheryl Lee
Sheryl Lee (born April 22, 1967) is a German-born American film, stage, and television actress. She was cast by David Lynch as Laura Palmer and Maddy Ferguson on the 1990 cult TV series Twin Peaks and in the 1992 film Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me. Born Sheryl Lynn Lee in Augsburg, Bavaria, West Germany.

1968

 Amanda Mealing
Amanda Mealing (born 22 April 1968) is a British movie and TV actress best known for playing Connie Beauchamp in the BBC One medical dramas Holby City and Casualty. Born Amanda Jane Mealing in London, England.

1984

 Amelle Berrabah
Amelle Berrabah (born 22 April 1984) is an English singer, songwriter and former member of the Sugababes who replaced founding member Mutya Buena in the group in December 2005. She achieved a solo number one single in 2009 after collaborating with Tinchy Stryder on their single “Never Leave You”, making her the first and to date only member of the Sugababes to achieve a number one single outside the group. Born in Aldershot, Hampshire,
England.
 Michelle Ryan
Michelle Ryan (born 22 April 1984) is an English actress. She played Zoe Slater on the BBC soap opera EastEnders. In 2007, she starred in the short-lived American television series Bionic Woman. Born Michelle Claire Ryan in Enfield, Greater London, England.

1986

 Amber Heard
Amber Heard (born April 22, 1986) is an American actress and model. She played the lead and title character in All the Boys Love Mandy Lane, which debuted at the Toronto International Film Festival in 2006. She played Mera in the 2017 superhero film Justice League, which she reprised in Aquaman. Born Amber Laura Heard in Austin, Texas.

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