Elias Ashmole (23 May 1617 – 18 May 1692) was a celebrated English antiquary, politician, officer of arms, astrologer and student of alchemy. Ashmole donated most of his collection, his antiquarian library and priceless manuscripts to the University of Oxford to create the Ashmolean Museum. Born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, England. (d. 1692)
Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, who laid the foundations for the modern biological naming scheme of binomial nomenclature. Born in Råshult, Stenbrohult parish, Sweden. (d. 1778)
Franz Anton Mesmer
Franz Anton Mesmer (May 23, 1734 – March 5, 1815) was a German physician with an interest in astronomy, who theorised that there was a natural energetic transference that occurred between all animated and inanimate objects that he called animal magnetism, sometimes later referred to as mesmerism. Born Franz Anton Mesmer in Iznang, Swabia, Germany. (d. 1815)
Sir Charles Barry FRS RA (23 May 1795 – 12 May 1860) was an English architect, best known for his role in the rebuilding of the Palace of Westminster (also known as the Houses of Parliament) in London during the mid-19th century Born in Westminster, London. (d. 1860)
Ambrose Burnside (May 23, 1824 – September 13, 1881) was an American soldier, railroad executive, inventor, industrialist, and politician from Rhode Island, serving as governor and a United States Senator. As a Union Army general in the American Civil War, he conducted successful campaigns in North Carolina and East Tennessee, but suffered disastrous defeats at the terrible Battle of Fredericksburg and Battle of the Crater. His distinctive style of facial hair became known as sideburns, derived from his last name. He was also the first president of the National Rifle Association. Born Ambrose Everett Burnside in Liberty, Indiana. (d. 1881)
James Austin Gleason (May 23, 1882 – April 12, 1959) was an American actor born in New York City. He was also a playwright and screenwriter. Gleason co-wrote The Broadway Melody, the second film to win the Academy Award for Best Picture. Born in New York City. (d. 1959)
Douglas Fairbanks (May 23, 1883 – December 12, 1939) was an American actor, screenwriter, director, and producer. He was best known for his swashbuckling roles in silent films such as The Thief of Bagdad, Robin Hood, and The Mark of Zorro. Fairbanks was a founding member of United Artists. Fairbanks was also a founding member of The Motion Picture Academy and hosted the first Oscars Ceremony in 1929. With his marriage to Mary Pickford in 1920, the couple became Hollywood royalty. Born Douglas Elton Thomas Ullman in Denver, Colorado. (d. 1939)
Sir Hugh Casson, CH, KCVO, PRA, RDI (23 May 1910 – 15 August 1999), was a British architect, interior designer, artist, and influential writer and broadcaster on 20th-century design. He is particularly noted for his role as director of architecture at the 1951 Festival of Britain on London’s South Bank. Born Hugh Maxwell Casson in London. (d. 1999)
“Scatman” Crothers (May 23, 1910 – November 22, 1986) was an American actor, singer, dancer and musician known for his work as Louie the Garbage Man on the TV show Chico and the Man, and as Dick Hallorann in the Stanley Kubrick film The Shining in 1980. Born Benjamin Sherman Crothers in Terre Haute, Indiana,. (d. 1986)
Artie Shaw (born May 23, 1910 – December 30, 2004) was an American clarinetist, composer, and bandleader. Widely regarded as “one of jazz’s finest clarinetists,” Shaw led one of the United States’ most popular big bands in the late 1930s through the early 1940s. Born Arthur Jacob Arshawsky in New York City, New York. (d. 2004)
John Payne (May 23, 1912 – December 6, 1989) was an American film actor who is mainly remembered from film noir crime stories and 20th Century Fox musical films, and for his leading roles in Miracle on 34th Street and the NBC Western television series The Restless Gun. Born John Howard Payne in Roanoke, Virginia. (d. 1989)
Marius Goring, CBE (23 May 1912 – 30 September 1998) was an English stage and film actor. He is most often remembered for the four films he did with Powell & Pressburger, particularly A Matter of Life and Death and The Red Shoes. His TV work included starring in The Adventures of the Scarlet Pimpernel (ITV, 1955)and the title role in The Expert (BBC, 1968–1976). Born in Newport, Isle of Wight, England,. (d. 1998)
Denis Compton CBE (23 May 1918 – 23 April 1997) was an English cricketer who played in 78 Test matches and spent his whole cricket career with Middlesex. He was also an accomplished footballer who played most of his football career at Arsenal. Born Denis Charles Scott Compton in Hendon, Middlesex, England. (d. 1997)
Betty Garrett (May 23, 1919 – February 12, 2011) was an American actress, comedienne, singer and dancer who originally performed on Broadway before being signed to a film contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. She appeared in the musicals Words and Music, On the Town and Take Me Out To The Ball Game. Born in St. Joseph, Missouri. (d. 2011)
Humphrey Lyttelton (23 May 1921 – 25 April 2008), also known as Humph, was an English jazz musician and broadcaster, and chairman of the BBC radio comedy programme I’m Sorry I Haven’t a Clue. Born Humphrey Richard Adeane Lyttelton in Eton, Berkshire, England. (d. 2008)
Edna Skinner (May 23, 1921 – August 8, 2003) was an American film and television actress notable for playing Kay Addison, neighbor of Wilbur Post, in the iconic TV series Mister Ed. Born in Washington, D.C., U.S. (d. 2003)
Desmond Carrington (23 May 1926 – 1 February 2017) was a UK-based actor and broadcaster, best known for his weekly show on BBC Radio 2 and as Dr Anderson in Emergency – Ward 10 on TV.
Rosemary Clooney (May 23, 1928 – June 29, 2002) was an American cabaret singer and actress. She came to prominence in the early 1950s with the novelty hit “Come On-a My House”, which was followed by other pop numbers such as “Mambo Italiano” and “This Ole House”. Born in Maysville, Kentucky. (d. 2002)
Nigel Davenport (23 May 1928 – 25 October 2013) was an English stage, television and film actor. He made an impression as Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk in A Man for All Seasons (1966) and appeared in The Royal Hunt of the Sun, The Virgin Soldiers, Zulu Dawn and Chariots of Fire as well as many British TV shows. Born Arthur Nigel Davenport in Great Shelford, Cambridgeshire, England. (d. 2013)
Dame Joan Collins, DBE (born 23 May 1933) is an English actress, author and columnist. She was chosen by director Howard Hawks to star in his lavish production of Land of the Pharaohs (1955) as the scheming Princess Nellifer opposite Jack Hawkins. In the 1970s, Collins made several films and then starred in the film versions of her sister Jackie Collins’s racy novels The Stud and The Bitch. In 1981, Collins was offered a role in the second season of the soap opera Dynasty (1981–89) playing Alexis Carrington. In 1985, Dynasty was the No. 1 show in the United States. Collins was nominated six times for a Golden Globe Award, winning once in 1983, the same year she was nominated for an Emmy as Best Actress in a Drama Series. Born Joan Henrietta Collins in Paddington, London, England.
Robert Moog (May 23, 1934 – August 21, 2005), founder of Moog Music, was an American pioneer of electronic music, best known as the inventor of the Moog synthesizer, one of the first widely used electronic musical instruments. Born Robert Arthur Moog in New York City. (d. 2005)
Johnny Ball (born 23 May 1938) is an English television personality, a populariser of mathematics and the father of BBC Radio 2 DJ Zoë Ball. He was also one of the hosts of Play School and presented several series of popular science and technology programmes intended for children including Think of a Number. Born Graham Ball in Bristol, Gloucestershire.
Beth Jane Porter, (born May 23, 1942) is an American stage, film and television actress and writer, who has worked in Britain for most of her career. UK television roles include co-starring in Rock Follies of ’77 (1977). Born Beth Jane Porter in New York City, New York, United States.
John Newcombe, AO, OBE (born 23 May 1944 in Sydney) is a former tennis player from Australia who won seven Grand Slam singles titles and an all-time record 17 doubles titles. He is one of the few men to have been ranked world No. 1 in both singles and doubles. He also contributed to five Davis Cup titles for Australia. Born John David Newcombe in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
Andrew Burt (born 23 May 1945) is an English actor, who has appeared in many British TV drama series from the 1970s to the present day. He is perhaps best known as the original Jack Sugden in Emmerdale Farm. Born in Wakefield, West Yorkshire.
Martin McGuinness (born 23 May 1950) is a former Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) leader and an Irish republican Sinn Féin politician who has been the deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland since 2007. Born James Martin Pacelli McGuinness in Derry, Northern Ireland.
Anatoly Karpov, PhD (born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion. He was the official world champion from 1975 to 1985. Karpov is considered by many to be one of the greatest players of all time. Born Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov in Zlatoust, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union.
“Dillie” Keane (born 23 May 1952) is an Olivier Award-nominated actress, singer and comedienne. She is perhaps best known as one third of the comedy cabaret trio Fascinating Aïda. Born Louise M. Keane in Portsmouth, England.
Marvelous Marvin Hagler (May 23, 1954) is an American former professional boxer who was Undisputed World Middleweight Champion from 1980 to 1987. Hagler made twelve undisputed title defenses and holds the highest KO% of all middleweight champions at 78%. Born Marvin Nathaniel Hagler in Newark, New Jersey.
Thereza Bazar (born 23 May 1955) is a Canadian-born British singer, best known as one half of the pop duo, Dollar. Born Theresa Lorraine Bazar in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
Dean Friedman (born May 23, 1955) is an American singer-songwriter. His 1977 hit song “Ariel” reached number 26 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. “Lucky Stars”, a duet with Denise Marsa, made No. 3 in the UK. Born in Paramus, New Jersey.
Drew Carey (born May 23, 1958) is an American actor, comedian, sports executive, and game show host, starring on his own sitcom, The Drew Carey Show, and serving as host of the U.S. version of the improv comedy show Whose Line Is It Anyway? Born Drew Allison Carey in Cleveland, Ohio.
Bob Mortimer (born 23 May 1959) is an English comedian and actor, best known for his double act with Vic Reeves, appearing in shows such as Vic Reeves Big Night Out, Shooting Stars and House of Fools. Born Robert Renwick Mortimer in Acklam, Middlesbrough.
George Osborne (born 23 May 1971) is a British politician and member of the Conservative Party who has been the First Secretary of State since 2015, the Chancellor of the Exchequer and Second Lord of the Treasury since 2010 and the Member of Parliament (MP) for Tatton since 2001. Born Gideon Oliver Osborne in Paddington, London, United Kingdom.
Rubens Barrichello (born 23 May 1972) is a Brazilian racing driver who competed in Formula One between 1993 and 2011. Barrichello drove for Ferrari from 2000 to 2005, as Michael Schumacher’s teammate, enjoying considerable success including finishing as championship runner-up in 2002 and 2004. Barrichello has won eleven Formula One Grands Prix. Born Rubens Gonçalves Barrichello in São Paulo, Brazil.
Heidi Range (born 23 May 1983) is a British singer and songwriter from Liverpool, England best known for being a former member of the group Sugababes. Range was an original member of girl group Atomic Kitten. Born Heidi India Range in Liverpool, England.
Lena Meyer-Landrut (born 23 May 1991), known professionally as Lena, is a German singer-songwriter. She represented Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest 2010 in Oslo and won the contest with the song “Satellite”. Born Lena Johanna Therese Meyer-Landrut in Hanover, Germany.