27 May


1794

 Cornelius Vanderbilt
Cornelius Vanderbilt (May 27, 1794 – January 4, 1877), was an American business magnate and philanthropist who built his wealth in railroads and shipping. He was one of the richest Americans in history. Born in Staten Island, New York. (d. 1877)

1818

 Amelia Bloomer
Amelia Jenks Bloomer (May 27, 1818 – December 30, 1894) was an American women’s rights and temperance advocate. Even though she did not create the women’s clothing reform style known as bloomers, her name became associated with it because of her early and strong advocacy. Born in Homer, New York. (d. 1894)

1837

 Wild Bill Hickok
“Wild Bill” Hickok (May 27, 1837 – August 2, 1876)—known as “Wild Bill” Hickok—was a folk character of the American Old West. He fought (and spied) for the Union Army during the American Civil War, and gained publicity after the war as a scout, marksman, actor, and professional gambler. He was shot from behind and killed while playing poker in a saloon in Deadwood. The card hand which he held at the time of his death (aces and eights) has come to be known as the “Dead Man’s Hand”. Born James Butler Hickok in Troy Grove, Illinois. (d. 1876)

1867

 Arnold Bennett
Arnold Bennett (27 May 1867 – 27 March 1931) was an English writer. He is best known as a novelist, but he also worked in other fields such as journalism, propaganda and film. Well known for Anna of the Five Towns and the Clayhanger trilogy. Born Enoch Arnold Bennett in Hanley, United Kingdom. (d. 1931)

1876

 William Stanier
Sir William Arthur Stanier, FRS (27 May 1876 – 27 September 1965) was Chief Mechanical Engineer of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway. Stanier built many very successful steam engine designs for the LMS, especially the “Black 5” and Coronation Class (the most powerful passenger steam locomotives ever to be built for the British railway network). Born William Arthur Stanier in Swindon, Wiltshire, England. (d. 1965)

1877

 Isadora Duncan
Isadora Duncan (May 27, 1877 – September 14, 1927) was an American dancer. Duncan’s philosophy of dance moved away from rigid ballet technique and towards what she perceived as natural movement. She lived in Western Europe and the Soviet Union from the age of 22. Born Angela Isadora Duncan in San Francisco, California. (d. 1927)

1894

 Dashiell Hammett
Dashiell Hammett (May 27, 1894 – January 10, 1961) was an American author of hard-boiled detective novels and short stories, a screenplay writer, and political activist. Among the enduring characters he created are Sam Spade (The Maltese Falcon), and Nick and Nora Charles (The Thin Man). Born Samuel Dashiell Hammett in Saint Mary’s County, Maryland. (d. 1961)

1897

 John Cockcroft
Sir John Cockcroft, OM, KCB, CBE, FRS (27 May 1897 – 18 September 1967) was a British physicist. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physics for splitting the atomic nucleus with Ernest Walton, and was instrumental in the development of nuclear power. Born John Douglas Cockcroft in Todmorden, England. (d. 1967)

1907

 Rachel Carson
Rachel Carson (May 27, 1907 – April 14, 1964) was an American marine biologist and conservationist whose book Silent Spring and other writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement and spurring a reversal in national pesticide policy, which led to a ban on DDT and other pesticides. Born Rachel Louise Carson in Springdale, Pennsylvania. (d. 1964)

1911

 Hubert H. Humphrey
Hubert Humphrey (May 27, 1911 – January 13, 1978) was an American politician who served as the 38th Vice President of the United States under President Lyndon B. Johnson, from 1965 to 1969. Humphrey twice served in the United States Senate, representing Minnesota from 1949 to 1964 and 1971 to 1978. He was the nominee of the Democratic Party in the 1968 presidential election, losing to the Republican nominee, Richard Nixon. Born Hubert Horatio Humphrey Jr. in Wallace, South Dakota. (d. 1978)
 Vincent Price
Vincent Price (May 27, 1911 – October 25, 1993) was an American actor, well known for his distinctive voice as well as his serio-comic performances in a series of horror films made in the latter part of his career including House of Wax (1953), The Fly (1958), House of Usher (1960), The Pit and the Pendulum (1961), and The Raven (1963). Born Vincent Leonard Price, Jr. in St. Louis, Missouri. (d. 1993)

1912

 Sam Snead
Sam Snead (May 27, 1912 – May 23, 2002) was an American professional golfer who was one of the top players in the world for most of four decades. Snead won a record 82 PGA Tour events, including seven majors. Born Samuel Jackson Snead in Ashwood, Virginia. (d. 2002)

1915

 Herman Wouk
Herman Wouk (born May 27, 1915) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American author whose novels include The Caine Mutiny, The Winds of War and War and Remembrance. Born in New York.

1921

 Caryl Chessman
Caryl Chessman (May 27, 1921 – May 2, 1960) was a convicted robber, kidnapper and rapist who was sentenced to death for a series of crimes committed in January 1948 in the Greater Los Angeles Area. He is the last non-military prisoner to be executed in the United States for a crime other than murder. Born Caryl Whittier Chessman in St. Joseph, Michigan. (d. 1960)

1922

 Christopher Lee
Sir Christopher Lee, CBE, CStJ, (27 May 1922 – 7 June 2015) was an English actor, singer and author. Lee initially portrayed villains and became best known for his role as Count Dracula in a string of popular Hammer Horror films. His other notable roles include Francisco Scaramanga in the James Bond film The Man with the Golden Gun (1974), Saruman in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy (2001–2003) and The Hobbit film trilogy (2012–2014), and Count Dooku in the final two films of the Star Wars prequel trilogy (2002 and 2005). Born Christopher Frank Carandini Lee in Belgravia, London. (d. 2015)

1923

 Henry Kissinger
Henry Alfred Kissinger (born May 27, 1923) is an American diplomat and political scientist. He served as National Security Advisor and later concurrently as Secretary of State in the administrations of Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. For his actions negotiating the never actualised ceasefire in Vietnam, Kissinger received the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize. Born Heinz Alfred Kissinger in Fürth, Bavaria, Germany.

1935

 Lee Meriwether
Lee Meriwether (born May 27, 1935) is an American actress, former model, and the winner of the 1955 Miss America pageant. She is perhaps best known for her role as Betty Jones, Buddy Ebsen’s secretary and daughter-in-law in the long-running 1970s crime drama Barnaby Jones. The role earned her two Golden Globe Award nominations in 1975 and 1976, and an Emmy Award nomination in 1977. She is also known for her portrayal of Catwoman in the 1966 film version of Batman. Born Lee Ann Meriwether in Los Angeles, California,.
 Ramsey Lewis
Ramsey Lewis (born May 27, 1935) is an American jazz composer, pianist and radio personality. Ramsey Lewis has recorded over 80 albums and has received seven gold records and three Grammy Awards so far in his career. Born Ramsey Emmanuel Lewis, Jr. in Chicago, Illinois.

1936

 Louis Gossett Jr.
Louis Gossett, Jr. (born May 27, 1936) is an American actor. He is perhaps best known for his Academy Award-winning role as Gunnery Sergeant Emil Foley in the 1982 film An Officer and a Gentleman, and his Emmy Award-winning role as Fiddler in the 1977 television miniseries Roots. Born Louis Cameron Gossett, Jr. in Brooklyn, New York City, New York,.

1939

 Don Williams
Don Williams (born May 27, 1939) is an American country singer, songwriter and a 2010 inductee to the Country Music Hall of Fame. Noted for the song You’re My Best Friend. Born in Floydada, Texas.

1943

 Cilla Black
Cilla Black OBE (27 May 1943 – 1 August 2015) was an English singer, actress, entertainer and media personality. She began her career as a singer in 1963, and her singles “Anyone Who Had a Heart” (1964) and “You’re My World” (1964) both reached number one. Black had eleven Top Ten hits on the British charts between 1964 and 1971. She became a prominent television presenter in the 1980s and 1990s, hosting hit entertainment shows such as Blind Date and Surprise Surprise. Born Priscilla Maria Veronica White in Liverpool, England. (d. 2015)
 Bruce Weitz
Bruce Weitz (born May 27, 1943) is an American actor. He is perhaps best known for his role as Sgt. Mick Belker in the 1980s TV series Hill Street Blues for which he won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series in 1984. Born Bruce Peter Weitz in Norwalk, Connecticut.

1946

 Lewis Collins
Lewis Collins (27 May 1946 – 27 November 2013) was an English actor. He was best known for his tough-guy role as Bodie in the ITV action series The Professionals, which ran from 1977 to 1983. Born in Birkenhead, Cheshire. (d. 2013)

1955

 Richard Schiff
Richard Schiff (born May 27, 1955) is an American actor and comedian. He played Toby Ziegler on The West Wing, a role for which he received an Emmy Award. Born in Bethesda, Maryland.

1957

 Duncan Goodhew
Duncan Goodhew MBE (born 27 May 1957) is a British swimming athlete. He was an Olympic swimmer for Great Britain and won Olympic gold and bronze medals at the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. Born Duncan Alexander Goodhew in Marylebone, London.
 Siouxsie Sioux
Siouxsie Sioux (27 May 1957) is an English singer, songwriter, musician and producer. She is best known as the lead singer of rock band Siouxsie and the Banshees (1976–1996). Siouxsie and the Banshees released 11 studio albums and several UK Top 20 singles including “Hong Kong Garden”, and “Happy House”. Born Susan Janet Ballion in London, England.

1961

 Peri Gilpin
Peri Gilpin (born May 27, 1961) is an American actress known for portraying Roz Doyle in the U.S. television series Frasier. Born Peri Kay Oldham in Waco, Texas.

1965

 Todd Bridges
Todd Bridges (born May 27, 1965) is an American actor. He is known for his childhood role as Willis Jackson on the sitcom Diff’rent Strokes. Born Todd Anthony Bridges in San Francisco, California,.
 Pat Cash
Pat Cash (born 27 May 1965) is a retired Australian professional tennis player who won the Men’s Singles title at Wimbledon in 1987. He won 7 titles and reached a career-high singles ranking of World No. 4 in May 1988. Born Patrick Hart Cash in Melbourne, Australia.

1966

 Heston Blumenthal
Heston Marc Blumenthal, OBE (born 27 May 1966) is an English celebrity chef. He is proprietor of The Fat Duck in Bray, Berkshire, one of four restaurants in Great Britain to have three Michelin stars; it was voted No. 1 in The World’s 50 Best Restaurants in 2006. Born Heston Marc Blumenthal in London, England.

1967

 Paul Gascoigne
Paul John Gascoigne (born 27 May 1967) is a former England international footballer and football manager. He is also known by his nickname, Gazza. He earned 57 caps during his England career. Born Paul John Gascoigne in Dunston, Gateshead, England.

1968

 Rebekah Brooks
Rebekah Mary Brooks (born 27 May 1968) is an English journalist and former newspaper editor. She was chief executive officer of News International from 2009 to 2011, having previously served as the youngest editor of a British national newspaper at News of the World, and the first female editor of The Sun. Born Rebekah Mary Wade in Warrington, England.

1970

 Joseph Fiennes
Joseph Fiennes (born 27 May 1970) is an English film and stage actor. He is known for his portrayals of William Shakespeare in Shakespeare in Love, and Sir Robert Dudley in Elizabeth. Born Joseph Alberic Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England.

1971

 Paul Bettany
Paul Bettany (born 27 May 1971) is an English actor. He has appeared in a wide variety of films, including A Beautiful Mind (2001), Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World (2003), and The Da Vinci Code (2006). He is also known for his voice role as J.A.R.V.I.S. in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. Born in Shepherd’s Bush, London, England.
 Lisa Lopes
Lisa Lopes (May 27, 1971 – April 25, 2002), better known by her stage name Left Eye, was an American rapper, singer, dancer, musician, and songwriter. She achieved fame as a member of the R&B girl group TLC. Born Lisa Nicole Lopes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (d. 2002)

1973

 Jack McBrayer
Jack McBrayer (born May 27, 1973) is an American comedic actor who gained national exposure for his characters on Late Night with Conan O’Brien. He is known for portraying Kenneth Parcell on the television series 30 Rock, a role for which he received an Emmy nomination in 2009. Born in Macon, Georgia.

1974

 Denise van Outen
Denise van Outen (born 27 May 1974) is an English actress, singer, dancer and presenter. She is best known for presenting The Big Breakfast, for playing Roxie Hart in the musical Chicago Born Denise Kathleen Outen in Basildon, Essex, England.

1975

 Jamie Oliver
Jamie Oliver, MBE (born 27 May 1975) is an English celebrity chef, restaurateur, and media personality known for his food-focused television shows and cookbooks. Born James Trevor Oliver in Clavering, Essex, England.

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