5 April


1588

 Thomas Hobbes
Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury (5 April 1588 – 4 December 1679), was an English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy. His 1651 book Leviathan established the foundation for most of Western political philosophy from the perspective of social contract theory. Born in Westport near Malmesbury, Wiltshire, England.
(d. 1679)

1649

 Elihu Yale
Elihu Yale (April 5, 1649 – July 8, 1721) was an British merchant and philanthropist, governor of the East India Company settlement at Madras and a benefactor of the Collegiate School of Connecticut, which in 1718 was named Yale College in his honor. Born in Boston, Colony of Massachusetts.
(d. 1721)

1732

 Jean-Honoré Fragonard
Jean-Honoré Fragonard (5 April 1732 – 22 August 1806) was a French painter and printmaker whose late Rococo manner was distinguished by remarkable facility, exuberance, and hedonism. Well known for The Swing (French: L’escarpolette), 1767, now in the Wallace Collection, London. Born at Grasse, Alpes-Maritimes, France.
(d. 1806)

1827

 Joseph Lister
Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, Bt., OM, FRS, PC (5 April 1827 – 10 February 1912), was a British surgeon and a pioneer of antiseptic surgery. By applying Louis Pasteur’s advances in microbiology, he promoted the idea of sterile surgery. Lister successfully introduced carbolic acid (now known as phenol) to sterilise surgical instruments and to clean wounds, which led to a reduction in post-operative infections and made surgery safer for patients. Born at Upton, Essex.
(d. 1912)

1837

 Algernon Charles Swinburne
Algernon Charles Swinburne (5 April 1837 – 10 April 1909) was an English poet, playwright, novelist, and critic. He invented the roundel form, wrote several novels, and contributed to the famous Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature in every year from 1903 to 1907 and again in 1909. Born in London.
(d. 1909)

1856

 Booker T. Washington
Booker Taliaferro Washington (April 5, 1856 – November 14, 1915) was an African-American educator, author, orator, and advisor to Republican presidents. He was the dominant leader in the African-American community in the United States from 1890 to 1915. Born into slavery at Hale’s Ford, Virginia, U.S.
(d. 1915)

1875

  Mistinguett
Mistinguett (5 April 1875 – 5 January 1956) was a French actress and singer, whose birth name was Jeanne Bourgeois. She was at one time the best-paid female entertainer in the world. Born in Enghien-les-Bains, Île-de-France, France.
(d. 1956)

1900

 Spencer Tracy
Spencer Bonaventure Tracy (April 5, 1900 – June 10, 1967) was an American actor. Tracy was one of the major stars of Hollywood’s Golden Age. In a screen career that spanned 37 years, he was nominated for nine Academy Awards for Best Actor and won two, sharing the record for nominations in this category. In 1937 and 1938 he won consecutive Oscars for Captains Courageous and Boys Town. By the 1940s, Tracy was one of the studio’s top stars. In 1942 he appeared with Katharine Hepburn in Woman of the Year, beginning a popular partnership that produced nine movies over 25 years. Born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
(d. 1967)

1901

 Melvyn Douglas
Melvyn Edouard Hesselberg (April 5, 1901 – August 4, 1981), better known as Melvyn Douglas, was an American actor. He won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for Hud (1963) and Being There (1979). Born in Macon, Georgia.
(d. 1981)

1908

 Bette Davis
Ruth Elizabeth “Bette” Davis (April 5, 1908 – October 6, 1989) was an American actress of film, television and theater. She was the first female president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. She won the Academy Award for Best Actress twice, was the first person to accrue 10 Academy Award nominations for acting, and was the first woman to receive a Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Film Institute. In 1999, Davis was placed second, after Katharine Hepburn, on the American Film Institute’s list of the greatest female stars of all time. Born in Lowell, Massachusetts.
(d. 1989)
 Herbert von Karajan
Herbert von Karajan (born Heribert, Ritter von Karajan; 5 April 1908 – 16 July 1989) was an Austrian orchestra and opera conductor. Perhaps most famously associated with the Berlin Philharmonic, of which he was principal conductor for 35 years. He is generally considered to have been one of the greatest conductors of all time. Born in Salzburg, Austria-Hungary.
(d. 1989)

1909

 Albert R. Broccoli
Albert Romolo Broccoli, CBE (Hon) (5 April 1909 – 27 June 1996), nicknamed “Cubby”, was an American film producer who made more than 40 motion pictures throughout his career. Broccoli is most notable as the producer of the James Bond films. Born in the borough of Queens, New York City.
(d. 1996)

1912

 John Le Mesurier
John Le Mesurier (born John Elton Le Mesurier Halliley; 5 April 1912 – 15 November 1983) was an English actor. He is perhaps best remembered for his comedic role as Sergeant Arthur Wilson in the BBC situation comedy Dad’s Army (1968–77); a self-confessed “jobbing actor”, Le Mesurier appeared in over 120 films across a range of genres, normally in smaller supporting parts. Born in Bedford.
(d. 1983)

1916

 Gregory Peck
Eldred Gregory Peck (April 5, 1916 – June 12, 2003) was an American actor. One of the world’s most popular film stars from the 1940s to the 1960s. His notable performances include Atticus Finch in the 1962 film To Kill a Mockingbird, for which he won an Academy Award. President Lyndon Johnson honored Peck with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969 for his lifetime humanitarian efforts. In 1999, the American Film Institute named Peck among the Greatest Male Stars of All Time, ranking at #12. Born in La Jolla, California.
(d. 2003)

1917

 Robert Bloch
Robert Albert Bloch (April 5, 1917 – September 23, 1994) was a prolific American writer, primarily of crime, horror, fantasy and science fiction. He is best known as the writer of Psycho, the basis for the film of the same name by Alfred Hitchcock.
(d. 1994)

1920

 Arthur Hailey
Arthur Hailey (5 April 1920 – 24 November 2004) was a British/Canadian novelist, whose works have sold more than 170 million copies in 40 languages. They are notable for their plain style, extreme realism, based on months of detailed research, and a sympathetic down-to-earth hero. Born in Luton, Bedfordshire, England.
(d. 2004)

1922

 Tom Finney
Sir Thomas Finney, CBE (5 April 1922 – 14 February 2014) was an English footballer, famous for his loyalty to his league club, Preston North End, and for his performances in the English national side. Born in Preston, Lancashire.
(d. 2014)

1926

 Roger Corman
Roger William Corman (born April 5, 1926) is an Academy Award winning American film producer, director and actor. He has mostly worked on low-budget B movies. Some of Corman’s work has an established critical reputation, such as his cycle of films adapted from the tales of Edgar Allan Poe, and in 2009 he won an Honorary Academy Award for his body of work.

1929

 Nigel Hawthorne
Sir Nigel Barnard Hawthorne, CBE (5 April 1929 – 26 December 2001) was an English actor, perhaps best remembered for his role as Sir Humphrey Appleby, the Permanent Secretary in the 1980s sitcom Yes Minister and the Cabinet Secretary in its sequel, Yes, Prime Minister. For this role he won four BAFTA Awards during the 1980s in the ‘Best Light Entertainment Performance’ Category. In the 1990s he won two more BAFTAs, one as Best TV Actor for The Fragile Heart, and one as Best Film Actor for The Madness of King George. His role in the latter garnered him an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor. He is also an Olivier Award and Tony Award winner for his work in the theatre.
(d. 2001)

1930

 Mary Costa
Mary Costa (born April 5, 1930) is an American singer and actress, who is best known for providing the voice of Princess Aurora in the 1959 film, Sleeping Beauty. She is also a professional opera singer. Born in Knoxville, Tennessee.

1933

 Frank Gorshin
Frank John Gorshin, Jr. (April 5, 1933 – May 17, 2005) was an American actor and comedian. He was perhaps best known as an impressionist, with many guest appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show and Tonight Starring Steve Allen. His most famous acting role was as The Riddler in the Batman live-action television series.
(d. 2005)

1937

 Colin Powell
Colin Luther Powell (born April 5, 1937) is an American statesman and a retired four-star general in the United States Army. He was the 65th United States Secretary of State, serving under U.S. President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2005, the first African American to serve in that position.

1939

 Crispian St. Peters
Crispian St. Peters (5 April 1939 – 8 June 2010) was an English pop singer-songwriter, best known for his work in the 1960s, particularly his 1966 hits, “The Pied Piper” and “You Were on My Mind.” Born Robin Peter Smith in Swanley, Kent.
(d. 2010)

1941

 Michael Moriarty
Michael Moriarty (born April 5, 1941) is an American-Canadian stage and screen actor, and a jazz musician. He played Benjamin Stone for four seasons in the TV series Law & Order.

1942

 Allan Clarke
Harold Allan Clarke (5 April 1942) is a retired British singer who was one of the founding members of The Hollies. In the UK they enjoyed 30 chart singles, 17 of which made the Top 10, with two – “I’m Alive” (1965) and “He Ain’t Heavy, He’s My Brother” (1988 re-issue) – reaching No. 1. In the US charts they achieved 23 chart singles, six of which hit the Top 10. Many of the group’s songs were co-written by Clarke. Born in Salford, Lancashire.

 Peter Greenaway
Peter Greenaway, CBE (born 5 April 1942) is a British film director. His best-known films are The Draughtsman’s Contract (1982), A Zed & Two Noughts (1985), The Belly of an Architect (1987) and Drowning by Numbers (1988). Born in Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales.

1946

 Jane Asher
Jane Asher (born 5 April 1946) is an English actress, author and entrepreneur. Asher appeared in Alfie, opposite Michael Caine in 1966. She was engaged to Beatle Paul McCartney in 1967. She has acted on stage, TV and cinema. Asher owns a company that makes party cakes and sugar crafts for special occasions. She is also President of the National Autistic Society. Born in Willesden, North West London.

1949

 Judith Resnik
Judith Arlene Resnik (April 5, 1949 – January 28, 1986) was an American engineer and a NASA astronaut who died when the Space Shuttle Challenger was destroyed during the launch of mission STS-51-L. Resnik was the second American female astronaut, logging 145 hours in orbit. Born in Akron, Ohio.
(d. 1986)

1950

 Agnetha Fältskog
Agnetha Åse Fältskog or just Agnetha Fältskog is a Swedish recording artist born on 5 April 1950. She achieved international stardom as a member of the pop group ABBA, which has sold over 370 million albums and singles worldwide, making them one of the best–selling music artists in history and the second or third best–selling band in history. Born in Jönköping, Småland, Sweden.

1955

 Janice Long
Janice Long (born Janice Chegwin on 5 April 1955) is an English radio broadcaster currently working on BBC Radio 2. She is the elder sister of TV and radio personality Keith Chegwin. Born in Liverpool, England.

1956

 Anthony Horowitz
Anthony Horowitz is an English novelist and screenwriter. He has written many children’s novels, including The Power of Five, Alex Rider and The Diamond Brothers series and has written over fifty books. He has also written extensively for television, adapting many of Agatha Christie’s Hercule Poirot novels for the ITV series. He is the creator and writer of the ITV series Foyle’s War, Midsomer Murders, Collision and Injustice. Born in Stanmore, Middlesex.

1970

 Krishnan Guru-Murthy
Krishnan Guru-Murthy (born 5 April 1970) is a British television presenter and journalist employed by Channel 4. He presents the Channel 4 Evening News.

1973

 Pharrell Williams
Pharrell Williams (born April 5, 1973), also known simply as Pharrell , is an American singer-songwriter, rapper, record producer, musician, and fashion designer. Pharrell has been nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song for Happy. Born in in Virginia Beach, Virginia.

1982

 Hayley Atwell
Hayley Elizabeth Atwell (born 5 April 1982) is an English actress, known for her work in stage productions such as A View from the Bridge, and in films such as Cassandra’s Dream, The Duchess, Captain America: The First Avenger and The Pillars of the Earth. Born in London.

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