12 July


1730

 Josiah Wedgwood
Josiah Wedgwood (12 July 1730 – 3 January 1795) was an English potter, founder of the Wedgwood company, credited with the industrialisation of the manufacture of pottery. Born in Burslem, Staffordshire, England. (d. 1795)

1817

 Henry David Thoreau
Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862) was an American author, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, historian, and leading transcendentalist. Born in Concord, Massachusetts. (d. 1862)

1854

 George Eastman
George Eastman (July 12, 1854 – March 14, 1932) was an American innovator and entrepreneur who founded the Eastman Kodak Company and popularized the use of roll film, helping to bring photography to the mainstream. Born in Waterville, New York. (d. 1932)

1880

 Tod Browning
Tod Browning (July 12, 1880 – October 6, 1962) was an American motion picture actor, director and screenwriter. Browning’s career spanned the silent and talkie eras. He is best known as the director of Dracula (1931), the cult classic Freaks (1932), and classic silent film collaborations with Lon Chaney. Born Charles Albert Browning Jr in Louisville, Kentucky. (d. 1962)

1884

 Louis B Mayer
Louis B. Mayer (July 12, 1884 – October 29, 1957) was an American film producer. He is generally cited as the creator of the “star system” within Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) in its golden years. Born Louis Burt Mayer in Minsk, Russian Empire. (d. 1957)
 Amedeo Modigliani
Amedeo Modigliani (July 12, 1884 – January 24, 1920) was an Italian painter and sculptor who worked mainly in France. Primarily a figurative artist, he became known for paintings and sculptures in a modern style, characterized by mask-like faces and elongation of form. Born Amedeo Clemente Modigliani in Livorno, Italy. (d. 1920)

1895

 Kirsten Flagstad
Kirsten Flagstad (12 July 1895 – 7 December 1962) was a Norwegian opera singer and a highly regarded Wagnerian soprano. She ranks among the greatest singers of the 20th century. Born Kirsten Målfrid Flagstad in Hamar, Norway. (d. 1962)
 Buckminster Fuller
Buckminster Fuller (July 12, 1895 – July 1, 1983) was an American architect, systems theorist, author, designer, inventor, and futurist. He developed the geodesic dome. Born Richard Buckminster “Bucky” Fuller in Milton, Massachusetts. (d. 1983)
 Oscar Hammerstein II
Oscar Hammerstein II (July 12, 1895 – August 23, 1960) was an American librettist, theatrical producer, and theatre director of musicals for almost forty years. Hammerstein won eight Tony Awards and two Academy Awards for Best Original Song. He co-wrote 850 songs. Hammerstein collaborated with composers Jerome Kern, Vincent Youmans, Rudolf Friml, Richard A. Whiting and Sigmund Romberg; but his most famous collaboration, by far, was with Richard Rodgers, which included Oklahoma!, Carousel, The King and I, South Pacific and The Sound of Music. Born Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II in New York City. (d. 1960)

1904

 Pablo Neruda
Pablo Neruda (July 12, 1904 – September 23, 1973) was the pen name and, later, legal name of the Chilean poet, diplomat and politician Neftali Ricardo Reyes Basoalto. In 1971 Neruda won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Born in Parral, Chile. (d. 1973)

1908

 Milton Berle
Milton Berle (July 12, 1908 – March 27, 2002) was an American comedian and actor. As the host of NBC’s Texaco Star Theater (1948-55), he was the first major American television star and was known to millions of viewers as “Uncle Miltie”. Born in the Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan, New York. (d. 2002)

1928

 Alastair Burnet
Sir Alastair Burnet (12 July 1928 – 20 July 2012), was a British journalist and broadcaster, best known for his work in news and current affairs programmes, including a long career with ITN as chief presenter of the flagship News at Ten for eighteen years. Born James William Alexander Burnet in Sheffield, Yorkshire, England. (d. 2012)
 Kathy Staff
Kathy Staff (12 July 1928 – 13 December 2008), was an English actress, well known for her work on British television. She is most famous for her portrayal of Nora Batty on the longest running sitcom in the world, Last of the Summer Wine. Staff had a regular roles as Doris Luke in the popular ITV soap opera, Crossroads and in Open All Hours as Mrs Blewitt. Born Minnie Higginbottom in Dukinfield, Cheshire, England. (d. 2008)

1933

 Brian Cant
Brian Cant (born 12 July 1933 – 19 June 2017) was an English actor, television presenter and writer best known for his work in BBC television programmes for children from 1964 onwards. He first appeared in Play School on its third week in May 1964, and stayed with the programme for 21 of its 24-year run. His involvement in Play School directly led to his work on three linked Gordon Murray puppet series: Camberwick Green (1966), Trumpton (1967), and Chigley (1969). Born in Ipswich, Suffolk, England. (d.2017)

1935

 Roy Barraclough
Roy Barraclough MBE (born 12 July 1935 – 1 June 2017) was an English comic actor. He was best known for his role as the shifty, lugubrious landlord of the Rovers Return, Alec Gilroy in the long-running British TV soap Coronation Street, and for the double-act Cissie and Ada with Les Dawson. Born in Preston, Lancashire, England. (d.2017)

1937

 Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby Jr. (born July 12, 1937) is an American comedian, actor, author, television producer, educator, musician and activist. He had a starring role in the 1960s action show, I Spy. During the 1980s, Cosby produced and starred in one of the decade’s defining sitcoms, The Cosby Show. Born William Henry Cosby Jr in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1943

 Christine McVie
Christine McVie (born 12 July 1943) is an English rock singer, keyboardist, and songwriter. Her primary fame came as a member of the British/American rock band Fleetwood Mac. Born Anne Christine Perfect in Bouth, Lancashire, England.

1951

 Cheryl Ladd
Cheryl Ladd (born July 12, 1951) is an American actress, singer and author. Ladd is best known for her role as Kris Munroe in the television series Charlie’s Angels. Born Cheryl Jean Stoppelmoor in Huron, South Dakota.

1955

 Bambi Woods
Bambi Woods (born July 12, 1955) is a former pornographic actress best known for her appearance as the title character in the 1978 film Debbie Does Dallas.

1957

 Rick Husband
Rick Husband (July 12, 1957 – February 1, 2003) was a United States Air Force Colonel, an astronaut, and the space shuttle commander of STS-107 (Columbia) who was killed when the craft disintegrated after reentry into the Earth’s atmosphere. Husband is a recipient of the Congressional Space Medal of Honor. Born Richard Douglas Husband in Amarillo, Texas. (d. 2003)
 Christopher Quinten
Christopher Quinten (born 12 July 1957) is a British actor, best known for his role as Brian Tilsley on Coronation Street, which he played from 1978 to 1989. Born Christopher Bell in Middlesbrough, England, UK.

1961

 Mark McGann
Mark McGann (born 12 July 1961) is an English actor, director and musician. His first television appearance was as ‘Mad Dog’ in Scully by Alan Bleasdale in 1983 with Cathy Tyson and Elvis Costello. A long career in TV followed seeing him play a wide variety of characters including ‘Tom Crean’ the Irish companion of Ernest Shackleton in Shackleton opposite Kenneth Branagh; and ‘Niven Craig’ in Peter Medak’s Let Him Have It. Born in Kensington, Liverpool, Lancashire.

1964

 Gaby Roslin
Gaby Roslin (born July 12, 1964) is an English television presenter and actress. She rose to fame while co-presenting The Big Breakfast on Channel 4 between 1992 and 1996. Born in London.

1966

 Tamsin Greig
Tamsin Greig (born 12 July 1966) is an English actress principally known for her roles in television comedies: Black Books, Green Wing, Episodes, and Friday Night Dinner. Born Tamsin Margaret M Greig in Kent, England.
 Annabel Croft
Annabel Croft (born 12 July 1966 in Farnborough, Bromley, London) is a former professional British No. 1 female tennis player and current radio and television presenter. As a tennis player she won the WTA Tour event Virginia Slims of San Diego and represented Great Britain in the Fed Cup and the Wightman Cup. After retiring from tennis, she turned to television presenting, with such shows as Treasure Hunt and Interceptor. Born in Farnborough, Bromley, London, England.

1967

 Richard Herring
Richard Herring (born 12 July 1967) is a British comedian and writer, whose early work includes the double-act, Lee and Herring. Born Richard Keith Herring in Pocklington, Yorkshire, England.

1976

 Anna Friel
Anna Friel (born 12 July 1976) is an English actress. She played Beth Jordache on the Channel 4 soap Brookside which had the first lesbian kiss on British television in January 1994. Friel made her film debut in 1998 in David Leland’s Land Girls. She is probably best known in the USA for her work as Charlotte “Chuck” Charles in the comedy series Pushing Daisies for which she was nominated for a Golden Globe Award in 2008. Born Anna Louise Friel in Rochdale, England.

1984

 Gareth Gates
Gareth Gates (born 12 July 1984) is an English singer-songwriter. He was the runner-up in the first series of the ITV talent show Pop Idol. Gates has sold over 3.5 million records in the UK. Born Gareth Paul Gates in West Bowling, Bradford, Yorkshire.

1997

 Malala Yousafzai
Malala Yousafzai S.St (born 12 July 1997) is a Pakistani activist for female education and the youngest-ever Nobel Prize laureate. She is known mainly for human rights advocacy for education and for women in her native Swat Valley in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of northwest Pakistan, where the local Taliban had at times banned girls from attending school. Yousafzai’s advocacy has since grown into an international movement. Born in Mingora, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

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