19 July


 Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt (July 19, 1814 – January 10, 1862) was an American inventor and industrialist from Hartford, Connecticut. He was the founder of Colt’s Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company (now known as Colt’s Manufacturing Company), and made the mass-production of the revolver commercially viable for the first time. Born in Hartford, Connecticut. (d. 1862)


 Edgar Degas
Edgar Degas (19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917) was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings. He is especially identified with the subject of dance. He is regarded as one of the founders of Impressionism. Born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas in Paris, France. (d. 1917)


 Lizzie Borden
Lizzie Borden (July 19, 1860 – June 1, 1927) was an American woman who was tried and acquitted in the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts. The case was a cause célèbre throughout the United States. The case was memorialized in a popular skipping-rope rhyme:
Lizzie Borden took an axe
And gave her mother forty whacks.
When she saw what she had done
She gave her father forty-one. Born Lizzie Andrew Borden in Fall River, Massachusetts. (d. 1927)


 Max Fleischer
Max Fleischer (July 19, 1883 – September 11, 1972) was an American animator, inventor, film director and producer.Fleischer was a pioneer in the development of the animated cartoon and served as the head of Fleischer Studios. He brought such animated characters as Betty Boop, Koko the Clown, Popeye, and Superman to the movie screen and was responsible for a number of technological innovations. Born in Kraków, Poland. (d. 1972)
 Louis Paulhan
Louis Paulhan, (19 July 1883 – 10 February 1963) was a pioneering French aviator who in 1910 flew “Le Canard”, the world’s first seaplane, designed by Henri Fabre. He is also credited with the first medical evacuation by air and the first powered flight into Manchester from outside the city (while winning the 1910 London to Manchester air race). Born Isidore Auguste Marie Louis Paulhan in Pézenas, Hérault. (d. 1963)


 A. J Cronin
A J Cronin, MB, ChB, MD, DPH, MRCP (19 July 1896 – 6 January 1981) was a Scottish physician and novelist. His best-known works are Hatter’s Castle, The Stars Look Down, The Citadel, The Keys of the Kingdom and The Green Years, all of which were adapted to film. He also created the Dr. Finlay character, the hero of a series of stories that served as the basis for the popular BBC television and radio series entitled Dr. Finlay’s Casebook. Born Archibald Joseph Cronin in Cardross, Dunbartonshire, Scotland. (d. 1981)


 Patricia Medina
Patricia Medina (19 July 1919 – 28 April 2012) was an English actress. Her father was Spanish and her mother was English. Darkly beautiful, Medina was often typecast in period melodramas such as The Black Knight. Two of her more notable films were William Witney’s Stranger at My Door and Orson Welles’ Mr. Arkadin. She performed in four episodes as Margarita Cortazar on Walt Disney’s series, Zorro. Born Patricia Paz Maria Medina in Liverpool, Lancashire. (d. 2012)


 George McGovern
George McGovern (July 19, 1922 – October 21, 2012) was an American historian, author and U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, and the Democratic Party presidential nominee in the 1972 presidential election. Born George Stanley McGover in Avon, South Dakota. (d. 2012)


 Pat Hingle
Pat Hingle (July 19, 1924 – January 3, 2009) was an American actor. He is probably best known in recent times for playing Commissioner Gordon in the 1989 film Batman, and its three sequels. Born Martin Patterson Hingle in Miami, Florida. (d. 2009)


 George Hamilton IV
George Hamilton IV (July 19, 1937 – September 17, 2014) was an American country musician. He began performing in the late 1950s as a teen idol, later switching to country music in the early 1960s. Born George Hege Hamilton IV in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. (d. 2014)


 Vikki Carr
Vikki Carr (born July 19, 1941) is an American singer and humanitarian. Her album It Must Be Him was nominated for three Grammy Awards. The title track reached No. 3 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the United States in 1967. “It Must Be Him” sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc. Born Florencia Bisenta de Casillas Martinez Cardona in El Paso, Texas.


 Ilie Nastase
Nasty Năstase (born July 19, 1946) is a Romanian former World No. 1 professional tennis player, one of the world’s top players of the 1970s. Năstase was ranked World No. 1 between 1973 and 1974. He was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1991. Năstase won seven Grand Slam titles. Born Ilie Năstase in Bucharest, Romania.


 Brian May
Brian May CBE (born 19 July 1947) is an English musician, singer, songwriter and astrophysicist who achieved international fame as the guitarist of Queen. As a guitarist he uses his home-built guitar, “Red Special”. Asteroid 52665 Brianmay was named in his honour on 18 June 2008. Born Brian Harold May in Hampton, London.


 Simon Cadell
Simon John Cadell (19 July 1950 – 6 March 1996) was an English actor, best known for his portrayal of Jeffrey Fairbrother in the first five series of the BBC situation comedy Hi-de-Hi!. Born Simon John Cadell in London, England. (d. 1996)


 Chrissie Cotterill
Chrissie Cotterill (born July 19, 1955) is an actress, known for Nil by Mouth (1997), Keeping Mum (2005) and May to December (1989). Born in London, England.


 Evelyn Glennie
Evelyn Glennie, DBE (born 19 July 1965) is a Scottish virtuoso percussionist. Glennie has been profoundly deaf since the age of 12. Born Evelyn Elizabeth Ann Glennie in Aberdeenshire, Scotland.


 Nicola Sturgeon
Nicola Sturgeon (born 19 July 1970) is a Scottish politician and the fifth and current First Minister of Scotland and the leader of the Scottish National Party, in office since 2014. She is the first woman to hold either position. Sturgeon has been a member of the Scottish Parliament since 1999, first as an additional member for the Glasgow electoral region from 1999 to 2007, and as the member for Glasgow Southside since 2007. Born Nicola Ferguson Sturgeon in Irvine, Scotland.


 Vitali Klitschko
Vitali Klitschko (born 19 July 1971) is a Ukrainian professional boxer and the reigning WBC heavyweight champion. He is leader of the political party Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform and since 15 December 2012, a member of the Ukrainian parliament. He previously held the WBO and WBC titles. Born Vitali Volodymyrovych Klitschko in Belovodsk, Kirghiz SSR (now Kyrgyzstan).


 Amanda Lamb
Amanda Lamb (born 19 July 1972 in Portsmouth, Hampshire) is an English television presenter and former model. In 1994, she took over the role of the “Scottish Widow” in a long-running series of advertisements for the investment company. She is the main presenter of the Channel 4 show A Place in the Sun. Born in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England.


 Benedict Cumberbatch
Benedict Cumberbatch (born 19 July 1976) is an English actor. His most acclaimed roles include Stephen Hawking in the BBC drama Hawking (2004); William Pitt in the historical film Amazing Grace (2006); protagonist Stephen Ezard in the miniseries thriller The Last Enemy (2008); Paul Marshall in Atonement (2007); Bernard in Small Island (2009); and Sherlock Holmes in the modern BBC adaptation series Sherlock (2010-12). Born Benedict Timothy Carlton Cumberbatch in London.
 Angela Griffin
Angela Griffin (born 19 July 1976) is a British actress and television presenter who has been active on British television since the early 1990s. She appeared in the popular long-running British soap operas Emmerdale and most famously in Coronation Street. Born in Leeds, England.


 Helen Skelton
Helen Skelton (born 19 July 1983) is an English television presenter. She has worked on the BBC children’s programme Blue Peter since 2008. In 2010 she kayaked over 2,000 miles along the Amazon River, and in 2012 she finished a 500-mile (800 km) trek to the South Pole, both for Sport Relief, making her a double world record holder. Born Helen Elizabeth Skelton in Carlisle, Cumbria, England.

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