7 July


 Joseph Marie Jacquard
Joseph Marie Charles (called Jacquard) (7 July 1752 – 7 August 1834) was a French weaver and merchant. He played an important role in the development of the earliest programmable loom (the “Jacquard loom”), which in turn played an important role in the development of other programmable machines, such as computers. Born in Lyon, France.
(d. 1834)


 Gustav Mahler
Gustav Mahler (7 July 1860 – 18 May 1911) was a late-Romantic Austrian composer and one of the leading conductors of his generation. Born in the village of Kalischt, Bohemia, in what was then the Austrian Empire.
(d. 1911)


 Marc Chagall
Marc Zaharovich Chagall (6 July 1887 – 28 March 1985) was a Russian artist associated with several major artistic styles and one of the most successful artists of the 20th century. He was an early modernist, and created works in virtually every artistic medium, including painting, book illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramic, tapestries and fine art prints. Born Moishe Segal in Liozna, near the city of Vitebsk, Belarus.
(d. 1985)


 George Cukor
George Dewey Cukor (July 7, 1899 – January 24, 1983) was an American film director. He directed Little Women (1933), David Copperfield (1935), Romeo and Juliet (1936) and Camille (1936). He was replaced as the director of Gone with the Wind (1939), but he went on to direct The Philadelphia Story (1940), Gaslight (1944), Adam’s Rib (1949), Born Yesterday (1950), A Star Is Born (1954) and My Fair Lady (1964). Born on the Lower East Side of Manhattan in New York City.
(d. 1983)


 Vittorio De Sica
Vittorio De Sica (7 July 1901 – 13 November 1974) was an Italian director and actor, a leading figure in the neorealist movement. Four of the films he directed won Academy Awards: Sciuscià and Bicycle Thieves were awarded honorary Oscars, while Ieri, oggi, domani and Il giardino dei Finzi Contini won the Best Foreign Language Film Oscar. Born in Sora, Lazio.
(d. 1974)


 Robert A Heinlein
Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was an American science fiction writer. He was one of the most influential and controversial authors of the genre in his time. Heinlein was named the first Science Fiction Writers Grand Master in 1974. He won Hugo Awards for four of his novels. His best-known work is Stranger in a Strange Land (1961). Born in Butler, Missouri. (d. 1988)


 Gretchen Franklin
Gretchen Franklin (7 July 1911 – 11 July 2005) was an English actress with a career in showbusiness that spanned over eighty years. She was best known for playing the character of Ethel Skinner in the long running BBC One, soap opera, EastEnders. Born in Covent Garden, West London. (d. 2005)


 Jon Pertwee
Jon Pertwee (7 July 1919 – 20 May 1996) was an English actor. Pertwee is remembered for his 18-year stint on BBC Radio as Chief Petty Officer Pertwee in The Navy Lark, as the third incarnation of The Doctor in the science-fiction series Doctor Who (1970-74), and as the title character in the series Worzel Gummidge (1979-81). His full surname is “de Perthuis de Laillevault”. Born John Devon Roland Pertwee in Chelsea, London. (d. 1996)
 Brenda Bruce
Brenda Bruce (7 July 1919 – 19 February 1996) was a British actress. She had a long and successful career in the theatre, radio, film and television. She starred as Winnie in the 1962 British premiere of Samuel Beckett’s Happy Days. Show won the British Academy Television Award for Best Actress in 1963. Born in Prestwich, Lancashire, England. (d. 1996)


 Mary Ford
Mary Ford (July 7, 1924–September 30, 1977), was an American vocalist and guitarist, comprising half of the husband-and-wife musical team Les Paul and Mary Ford. Between 1950 and 1954, the couple had 16 top-ten hits, including “How High the Moon” and Vaya con Dios”, which were number one hits on the Billboard charts. In 1951 alone they sold six million records. Born Iris Colleen Summers in El Monte, California. (d. 1977)


 Doc Severinsen
Doc Severinsen (born July 7, 1927) is an American pop and jazz trumpeter. He is best known for leading the NBC Orchestra on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. Born Carl Hilding Severinsen in Arlington, Oregon.


 Ringo Starr
Ringo Starr, MBE (7 July 1940) is an English musician, singer and actor who gained worldwide fame as the drummer for the Beatles. Born Richard Starkey in Dingle, Liverpool, Lancashire.


 Michael Howard
Michael Howard, Baron Howard of Lympne, CH, PC, QC (born 7 July 1941) is a British politician who served as the Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Opposition from November 2003 to December 2005. He had previously held cabinet positions in the governments of Margaret Thatcher and John Major, including Secretary of State for Employment, Secretary of State for the Environment and Home Secretary. Born Michael Hecht in Gorseinon, Swansea, Wales.
 Bill Oddie
Bill Oddie OBE (born 7 July 1941) is an English author, actor, comedian, artist, naturalist and musician, who became famous as one of The Goodies. Born William Edgar Oddie OBE in Rochdale, England.
 Christopher Beeny
Christopher Beeny (born 7 July 1941), an English actor. A former child actor, he is probably best known for his work as the footman Edward on the 1970s television series Upstairs Downstairs. Born in London.


 Tony Jacklin
Tony Jacklin CBE (born 7 July 1944) is an English golfer, who was the most successful British player of his generation, winning two major championships. He was also the most successful European Ryder Cup captain ever. Born Anthony Jacklin in Scunthorpe, North Lincolnshire.


 Joe Spano
Joe Spano (born July 7, 1946) is an American actor who came to prominence through his role as Lt. Henry Goldblume on Hill Street Blues and is now well known for his work on NCIS as FBI Special Agent Tobias Fornell. Born Joseph Peter Spano in San Francisco, California.


 Shelley Duvall
Shelley Duvall (born July 7, 1949) is an American film and television actress. Duvall began her career as a muse for Robert Altman, starring in a multitude of his films in the 1970s, including Brewster McCloud (1970), Thieves Like Us (1974), Nashville (1975), and 3 Women (1977). Duvall had a supporting role in Annie Hall (1977) before starring in Altman’s Popeye (1980), and Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining (1980), which gained her international recognition. Born Shelley Alexis Duvall in Houston, Texas.


 Jeremy Guscott
Jeremy Guscott (born 7 July 1965) is a former rugby union outside centre who played for Bath, England and the British and Irish Lions. Born Jeremy Clayton Guscott in Bath, Somerset.
 Jeremy Kyle
Jeremy Kyle (born 7 July 1965) is an English radio and television presenter. He is best known for The Jeremy Kyle Show, his daytime television chat show on ITV. Kyle was also the host of the show’s American counterpart. Born in Reading, Berkshire.


 Jorja Fox
Jorja Fox (born July 7, 1968), is an American actress, musician and songwriter. She first came to prominence as a recurring guest star on the television medical drama ER. This was followed by another critical success in the recurring role of Secret Service Agent Gina Toscano on The West Wing in 2000. She is arguably best known for her work as Sara Sidle in the hit CBS police procedural drama CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. Born Jorja-An Fox in New York City, New York.


 Jack Whitehall
Jack Whitehall (born 7 July 1988) is a British comedian, television presenter and actor. He stars as JP in the TV series Fresh Meat, and as Alfie Wickers in the TV series Bad Education. Born Jack Peter Benedict Whitehall in Westminster, London.

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