13 October


1821

 Rudolph Carl Virchow
Rudolph Carl Virchow (13 October 1821 – 5 September 1902) was a German doctor, anthropologist, pathologist, prehistorian, biologist, writer, editor, and politician, known for his advancement of public health. He is known as “the father of modern pathology” (d. 1902)

1825

 Charles Frederick Worth
Charles Frederick Worth (13 October 1825 – 10 March 1895) was an English fashion designer who founded the House of Worth, one of the foremost fashion houses of the 19th and early 20th centuries. He is considered by many fashion historians to be the father of haute couture. Worth is also credited with revolutionising the business of fashion. Born in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England. (d. 1895)

1853

 Lillie Langtry
Lillie Langtry (October 13, 1853 – February 12, 1929), was celebrated as a young woman of beauty and charm, who later established a reputation as an actress and producer. She was also known for her relationships with noblemen, including the Prince of Wales, the Earl of Shrewsbury, and Prince Louis of Battenberg. She was the subject of widespread public and media interest. Born Emilie Charlotte Le Breton in Jersey. (d. 1929)

1862

 Mary Kingsley
Mary Kingsley (13 October 1862 – 3 June 1900) was an English ethnographic and scientific writer and explorer whose travels throughout West Africa and resulting work helped shape European perceptions of African cultures and British imperialism. Born Mary Henrietta Kingsley in Islington, London. (d. 1900)

1904

 Wilfred Pickles
Wilfred Pickles OBE (13 October 1904 – 27 March 1978) was an English actor and radio presenter. His most significant work was as host of the BBC Radio show Have A Go, which ran from 1946 to 1967 and launched such catchphrases as “What’s on the table, Mabel?” and “Give him the money, Barney”, delivered in Pickles’s inimitable style. He appeared in the films Billy Liar (1963) and The Family Way (1966). Born in Halifax, West Yorkshire. (d. 1978)

1909

 Art Tatum
Art Tatum, Jr. (October 13, 1909 – November 5, 1956) was an American jazz pianist. Tatum is widely acknowledged as the greatest jazz pianist of all time, and was a major influence on later generations of jazz pianists. Born Arthur Tatum Jr in Toledo, Ohio. (d. 1956)

1915

 Cornel Wilde
Cornel Wilde (October 13, 1912 – October 16, 1989) was a Hungarian-American actor and film director. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance in 1945’s A Song to Remember. Born Kornél Lajos Weisz in Prievidza, Hungary. (d. 1989)

1918

 Robert Walker
Robert Walker (October 13, 1918 – August 28, 1951) was an American actor, best known for his starring role in Alfred Hitchcock’s 1951 thriller Strangers on a Train, which was released shortly before his death. Born Robert Hudson Walker in Salt Lake City, Utah. (d. 1951)

1921

 Yves Montand
Yves Montand (13 October 1921 – 9 November 1991) was an Italian-French actor and singer. During his career, Montand acted in a number of American motion pictures as well as on Broadway. He was nominated for a César Award for “Best Actor” in 1980 for I comme Icare and again in 1984 for Garçon! Montand gave one of his most memorable performances, as the scheming uncle in the two-part film: Jean de Florette. Born Ivo Livi in Monsummano Terme, Italy. (d. 1991)

1923

 Cyril Shaps
Cyril Shaps (13 October 1923 – 1 January 2003) was an English actor. Shaps’s film appearances included bit parts in Lawrence of Arabia (1962), To Sir, with Love (1967), and The Spy Who Loved Me (1977). In TV, his work ranged from science fiction to classic literature and detective series. Born Cyril Leonard Shaps in Highbury, London, England. (d. 2003)

1925

 Lenny Bruce
Lenny Bruce (October 13, 1925 – August 3, 1966) was an American stand-up comedian, social critic, satirist, and screenwriter. He was renowned for his open, free-style and critical form of comedy which integrated satire, politics, religion, sex, and vulgarity. His 1964 conviction in an obscenity trial was followed by a posthumous pardon. Born Leonard Alfred Schneider in Mineola, New York. (d. 1966)
 Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS, FRIC (13 October 1925 – 8 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and the Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990. She was the longest-serving British prime minister of the 20th century and the first woman to have held the office. Born Margaret Hilda Roberts in Grantham, Lincolnshire. (d. 2013)

1934

 Nana Mouskouri
Nana Mouskouri (born October 13, 1934) is an international singer, considered to be one of the best-selling music artists in the world. During the lifespan of her music career she has released over 200 albums and singles in 10 different languages. Born Ioánna Moúschouri in Chania, Crete, Greece.

1939

 Melinda Dillon
Melinda Dillon (born October 13, 1939) is an American actress. She received a 1963 Tony Award nomination for her Broadway debut in the original production of Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her roles as Jillian Guiler in Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977) and Teresa in Absence of Malice (1981). Born Melinda Rose Dillon in Hope, Arkansas.

1941

 Paul Simon
Paul Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American musician, singer-songwriter and actor. Simon’s fame, influence, and commercial success began as part of the duo Simon & Garfunkel, formed in 1964 with musical partner Art Garfunkel. Simon wrote nearly all of the pair’s songs, including three that reached No. 1 on the U.S. singles charts: “The Sound of Silence”, “Mrs. Robinson”, and “Bridge over Troubled Water”. Simon has earned twelve Grammys for his solo and collaborative work, including a Lifetime Achievement Award. In 2001, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and in 2006 was selected as one of the “100 People Who Shaped the World” by Time magazine. In 2011, Rolling Stone magazine named Simon as one of the 100 Greatest Guitarists. In 2015, he was named as one of the 100 Greatest Songwriters by Rolling Stone. Among many other honors, Simon was the first recipient of the Library of Congress’s Gershwin Prize for Popular Song in 2007. Born Paul Frederic Simon in Newark, New Jersey.

1943

 Beverley Goodway
Beverley Goodway (13 October 1943 – 4 November 2012) was an English photographer known for his glamour shots which were published on Page 3 of The Sun newspaper in the United Kingdom. (d. 2012)

1946

 Edwina Currie
Edwina Currie (born 13 October 1946) is a former British Member of Parliament. First elected as a Conservative Party MP in 1983, she was a Junior Health Minister for two years, before resigning in 1988 during the salmonella in eggs controversy. In 2002, publication of Currie’s Diaries (1987-92) caused a sensation, as they revealed a four-year affair with John Major between 1984 and 1988. Born Edwina Cohen in Liverpool, Lancashire.

1948

 John Ford Coley
John Ford Coley (born October 13, 1948) is an American singer, classically trained pianist, guitarist, actor, and author most known for his partnership in the musical duo England Dan & John Ford Coley. Born John Edward Colley in Dallas, Texas.

1957

 Chris Carter
Chris Carter (born October 13, 1957) is an American television and film producer, director and writer. Carter rose to fame in the early 1990s after creating the science fiction-supernatural television series The X-Files. Born in Bellflower, California.

1959

 Marie Osmond
Marie Osmond (born October 13, 1959) is an American singer, actress, doll designer, and a member of the show business family the Osmonds. Although she was never part of her family’s singing group, she gained success as a solo country music artist in the 1970s and 1980s. Her best known song is a cover of the country pop ballad “Paper Roses”. From 1976 to 1979, she and her singer brother Donny Osmond hosted the television variety show Donny & Marie. Born Olive Marie Osmond in Ogden, Utah.

1962

 Kelly Preston
Kelly Preston (born October 13, 1962) is an American actress and former model. She has appeared in more than 60 television and film productions, most notably including Mischief, Twins and Jerry Maguire. She is married to John Travolta. Born Kelly Kamalelehua Smith in Honolulu, Hawaii.

1964

 Tim Firth
Tim Firth (born 1964) is an English dramatist, screenwriter and songwriter. He wrote the TV series All Quiet on the Preston Front (1994) and comedies Neville’s Island (1998) and The Flint Street Nativity (2005), films Calendar Girls (2003) and Kinky Boots (2005). Calendar Girls, adapted by Firth from his own film, found favour with audiences across the UK during its 2008/09 tour, and in the process broke the all time British box office record for a play and also continued to sell out during its West End residency. In 2010, the hit comedy embarked on a UK country wide tour, one of the largest ever for a play. Born in Wirral, Merseyside.

1969

 Nancy Kerrigan
Nancy Kerrigan (born October 13, 1969) is a former American figure skater. Kerrigan is the 1992 Olympic Bronze medalist, the 1993 US National Champion, the 1994 Olympic Silver medalist, and a two-time world medalist. Kerrigan is noted for her conflict on and off the ice with skating rival Tonya Harding. Born Nancy Ann Kerrigan in Stoneham, Massachusetts.

1970

 Paul Potts
Paul Potts (born 13 October 1970) is a British tenor. In 2007, he won the first series of ITV’s Britain’s Got Talent with his performance of “Nessun dorma”, an aria from Puccini’s opera Turandot. As a singer of operatic pop music, Potts recorded the album One Chance, which topped sales charts in nine countries. Born Paul Robert Potts in Kingswood, South Gloucestershire.

1971

 Sacha Baron Cohen
Sacha Baron Cohen (born 13 October 1971) is an English actor, comedian, screenwriter, and producer. A graduate of Christ’s College, Cambridge, Baron Cohen is most widely known for creating and portraying four fictional characters: Ali G, Borat Sagdiyev, Brüno Gehard and Admiral General Aladeen. Born Sacha Noam Baron Cohen in Hammersmith, London.

1972

 Summer Sanders
Summer Sanders (born October 13, 1972) is an American former competition swimmer and Olympic champion from 1992. Sanders now works as a sports commentator, reporter, television show host and actress. Born Summer Elisabeth Sanders in Roseville, California.

1980

 David Haye
David Haye (born 13 October 1980) is a British professional boxer who has held world titles in two weight classes. He is the first British boxer to reach the final of the World Amateur Boxing Championships, where he won a silver medal in 2001. As a professional he became the first British boxer to become a unified cruiserweight world champion in 2008, winning three out of the four major world titles, as well as The Ring magazine and lineal titles. He then moved up to heavyweight and became the WBA champion in 2009. Born David Deron Haye in Bermondsey, London.

1982

 Ian Thorpe
Ian Thorpe, OAM (born 13 October 1982) is an Australian swimmer who specialises in freestyle, but also competes in backstroke and the individual medley. He has won five Olympic gold medals, the most won by any Australian, and with three gold and two silver medals, was the most successful athlete at the 2000 Summer Olympics. At the 2001 World Aquatics Championships, he became the first person to win six gold medals in one World Championship. In total, Thorpe has won eleven World Championship golds. Born Ian James Thorpe in Sydney, Australia.

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