18 August


1750

 Antonio Salieri
Antonio Salieri (18 August 1750 – 7 May 1825) was an Italian classical composer, conductor and teacher. Appointed the director of the Italian opera by the Habsburg court, a post he held from 1774-92, Salieri dominated Italian language opera in Vienna. Born in Legnago, south of Verona, in the Republic of Venice. (d. 1825)

1774

 Meriwether Lewis
Meriwether Lewis (August 18, 1774 – October 11, 1809) was an American explorer, soldier, politician, and public administrator, best known for his role as the leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the Corps of Discovery, with William Clark. Their mission was to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase, establish trade with, and sovereignty over the natives near the Missouri River, and claim the Pacific Northwest and Oregon Country for the United States before European nations. Born in Ivy, Colony of Virginia. (d. 1809)

1916

 Don Keefer
Don Keefer (August 18, 1916 – September 7, 2014) was an American actor known for the versatility of his roles. Born Donald Hood Keefer in Highspire, Pennsylvania. (d. 2014)
 Moura Lympany
Dame Moura Lympany DBE (18 August 1916 – 28 March 2005) was an English concert pianist. On 25 February 1945, with Adrian Boult, Lympany was the first British musician to perform in Paris after the Liberation. Born Mary Gertrude Johnstone in Saltash, Cornwall. (d. 2005)

1917

 Caspar Weinberger
Caspar Weinberger, GBE (August 18, 1917 – March 28, 2006), was an American politician and businessman. As a prominent Republican, he served in a variety of prominent state and federal positions for three decades, including Chairman of the California Republican Party, 1962-68. Most notably he was Secretary of Defense under Republican President Ronald Reagan from 1981 to 1987. Born Caspar Willard Weinberger in San Francisco, California. (d. 2006)

1920

 Shelley Winters
Shelley Winters (August 18, 1920 – January 14, 2006) was an American actress who appeared in dozens of films, as well as on stage and television; her career spanned over 50 years until her death in 2006. Winters won Academy Awards for The Diary of Anne Frank and A Patch of Blue, and received nominations for A Place in the Sun (Best Actress) and The Poseidon Adventure (Best Supporting Actress). Born Shirley Schrift in St Louis, Missouri. (d. 2006)

1925

 Brian Aldiss
Brian Wilson Aldiss, OBE (born 18 August 1925) is an English writer and anthologies editor, best known for science fiction novels and short stories. Aldiss was named a Grand Master by the Science Fiction Writers of America in 2000 and inducted by the Science Fiction Hall of Fame in 2004. He has received two Hugo Awards, one Nebula Award, and one John W. Campbell Memorial Award. His influential works include the short story “Super-Toys Last All Summer Long”, the basis for the Stanley Kubrick-developed Steven Spielberg film A.I. Artificial Intelligence. Born in East Dereham, Norfolk, England.

1927

 Rosalynn Carter
Rosalynn Carter (August 18, 1927) is the wife of the 39th President of the United States, Jimmy Carter and in that capacity served as the First Lady of the United States from 1977 to 1981. She has for decades been a leading advocate for numerous causes, perhaps most prominently for mental health research. Born Eleanor Rosalynn Smith in Plains, Georgia.

1933

 Roman Polanski
Roman Polański (born 18 August 1933), known professionally as Roman Polanski, is a French-Polish film director, producer, writer, and actor. He has received six Oscar nominations, along with two Baftas, four Césars, a Golden Globe Award and the Palme d’Or of the Cannes Film Festival in France. He directed the horror film Rosemary’s Baby (1968). Born Rajmund Roman Thierry Polański in Paris, France.

1934

 Ronnie Carroll
Ronnie Carroll (18 August 1934 – 13 April 2015) was a Northern Irish singer, entertainer, and political candidate. He is the only singer to have represented the UK in the Eurovision Song Contest two years in succession. Carroll stood as a candidate for the 2015 United Kingdom general election, in the Hampstead and Kilburn constituency, despite having died the previous month. Born Ronald Cleghorn in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

1936

 Robert Redford
Robert Redford (born August 18, 1936), is an American actor, director, producer, businessman, environmentalist, and philanthropist. He is the founder of the Sundance Film Festival. He has received two Academy Awards: one in 1981 for directing Ordinary People, and one for Lifetime Achievement in 2002. In 2010, he was made a chevalier of the Légion d’Honneur. His role in Inside Daisy Clover (1965) won him a Golden Globe for best new star. He starred in Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid (1969), which was a huge success and made him a major star. In 1973 he had the biggest hit of his career, the blockbuster crime caper The Sting, for which he was also nominated for an Academy Award. Born Charles Robert Redford Jr in Santa Monica, California.

1937

 Willie Rushton
Willie Rushton (18 August 1937 – 11 December 1996) was an English cartoonist, satirist, comedian, actor and performer who co-founded the satirical magazine Private Eye. He was a panellist in the long-running BBC Radio 4 panel comedy game show I’m Sorry I Haven’t a Clue. Born William George Rushton in Chelsea, London, England. (d. 1996)

1943

 Carl Wayne
Carl Wayne (18 August 1943 – 31 August 2004) was a British singer and actor. He is best remembered as the lead singer of the Birmingham rock group The Move during the 1960s. Born Colin David Tooley in Birmingham, England. (d. 2004)

1952

 Patrick Swayze
Patrick Swayze (August 18, 1952 – September 14, 2009) was an American actor, dancer, and singer-songwriter. He starred in films from a range of genres, including Dirty Dancing (1987), Ghost (1990), Point Break (1991), and Donnie Darko (2001). During his career he received three Golden Globe Award nominations and was named by People magazine as its “Sexiest Man Alive” in 1991. Born Patrick Wayne Swayze in Houston, Texas. (d. 2009)

1957

 Carole Bouquet
Carole Bouquet (born 18 August 1957) is a French actress and fashion model, who has appeared in more than 50 films since 1977. Bouquet was a model for Chanel in the 1980s-1990s. In 1990, she was awarded the César Award for Best Actress for her role in Too Beautiful for You. Born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, Hauts-de-Seine, France.
 Denis Leary
Denis Leary (born August 18, 1957) is an American actor, writer, producer, singer, and comedian.L eary has starred in a number of motion pictures, including The Amazing Spider-Man, Draft Day, and the voice of Diego in the Ice Age franchise. Born Denis Colin Leary in Worcester, Massachusetts.

1958

 Madeleine Stowe
Madeleine Stowe (born August 18, 1958) is an American actress. She appeared mostly on television before her breakthrough role in the 1987 crime-comedy film Stakeout. For her role in the 1993 independent film Short Cuts, she won the National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress. Born Madeline Marie Stowe in Los Angeles, California.

1961

 Huw Edwards
Huw Edwards (born 18 August 1961) is a BAFTA award-winning Welsh journalist, presenter and newsreader. He is a news presenter and the lead presenter for major breaking news for BBC News in the United Kingdom. Born in Bridgend, Glamorgan, Wales.

1969

 Edward Norton
Edward Harrison Norton (born August 18, 1969) is an American actor, filmmaker and activist. He has been nominated for three Academy Awards for his work in the films Primal Fear (1996), American History X (1998) and Birdman (2014). He also starred in other roles, such as Everyone Says I Love You (1996), The People vs. Larry Flynt (1996), Fight Club (1999), Red Dragon (2002), The Illusionist (2006), and The Grand Budapest Hotel (2014). Born Edward Harrison Norton in Boston, Massachusetts.
 Christian Slater
Christian Slater (born August 18, 1969) is an American actor. He played a monk’s apprentice alongside Sean Connery in The Name of the Rose before gaining wider recognition for his breakthrough role in the cult film Heathers. In the 1990s, Slater starred in many big budget films, including Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, Interview with the Vampire: The Vampire Chronicles, Broken Arrow, and Hard Rain. Born Christian Michael Leonard Slater in New York City, New York.

1970

 Malcolm-Jamal Warner
Malcolm-Jamal Warner (born August 18, 1970) is an American actor, director, and musician. He is best known for his roles as Theo Huxtable on the long-running NBC sitcom The Cosby Show and as Malcolm McGee on the sitcom Malcolm & Eddie. Born in Jersey City, New Jersey.

1973

 Victoria Coren Mitchell
Victoria Coren Mitchell (born 18 August 1972) is an English writer, presenter and professional poker player. Coren Mitchell writes weekly columns for The Observer and The Guardian and hosts the BBC television quiz show Only Connect. Born Victoria Elizabeth Coren.

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