26 September


1774

 Johnny Appleseed
John Chapman (September 26, 1774 – March 18, 1845), often called Johnny Appleseed, was an American pioneer nurseryman who introduced apple trees to large parts of Pennsylvania, Ontario, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, as well as the northern counties of present-day West Virginia. He became an American legend while still alive, due to his kind, generous ways, his leadership in conservation, and the symbolic importance he attributed to apples. Born John Chapman in Leominster, Massachusetts. (d. 1845)

1875

 Edmund Gwenn
Edmund Gwenn (26 September 1877 – 6 September 1959) was an English actor. On film, he is perhaps best remembered for his role as Kris Kringle in the 1947 film Miracle on 34th Street, for which he won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor. Born in Wandsworth, London, England. (d. 1959)

1887

 Barnes Wallis
Sir Barnes Neville Wallis CBE FRS RDI FRAeS (26 September 1887 – 30 October 1979), was an English scientist, engineer and inventor. He is best known for inventing the bouncing bomb used by the Royal Air Force in Operation Chastise (the “Dambusters” raid) to attack the dams of the Ruhr Valley during World War II. Among his other inventions were the geodetic airframe and the earthquake bomb. Born Barnes Neville Wallis in Ripley, Derbyshire, England. (d. 1979)

1888

 T. S Eliot
Thomas Stearns Eliot OM (26 September 1888 – 4 January 1965), better known by his pen name T. S. Eliot, was an American-born British essayist, publisher, playwright, literary and social critic and “one of the twentieth century’s major poets”. Eliot attracted widespread attention for his poem “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” (1915), which is seen as a masterpiece of the Modernist movement. It was followed by some of the best-known poems in the English language, including The Waste Land (1922), “The Hollow Men” (1925), “Ash Wednesday” (1930) and Four Quartets (1945). He is also known for his seven plays, particularly Murder in the Cathedral (1935). He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948. Born Thomas Stearns Eliot in St Louis, Missouri. (d. 1965)

1889

 Martin Heidegger
Martin Heidegger (26 September 1889 – 26 May 1976) was a German philosopher and a seminal thinker in the Continental tradition and philosophical hermeneutics. His first and best known book, Being and Time (1927), though unfinished, is one of the central philosophical works of the 20th century. Born in Meßkirch, Baden, German Empire. (d. 1976)

1897

 Pope Paul VI
Pope Paul VI (26 September 1897 – 6 August 1978), reigned as Pope from 21 June 1963 to his death in 1978. Born Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini in Concesio, Brescia, Kingdom of Italy. (d. 1978)

1898

 George Gershwin
George Gershwin (September 26, 1898 – July 11, 1937) was an American composer and pianist. Gershwin’s compositions spanned both popular and classical genres, and his most popular melodies are widely known. Among his best-known works are the orchestral compositions Rhapsody in Blue (1924) and An American in Paris (1928) as well as the opera Porgy and Bess (1935). Born Jacob Gershwine in Brooklyn, New York. (d. 1937)

1901

 George Raft
George Raft (September 26, 1901 – November 24, 1980) was an American film actor and dancer identified with portrayals of gangsters in crime melodramas of the 1930s and 1940s. A stylish leading man in dozens of movies, today Raft is mostly known for his gangster roles in the original Scarface (1932), Each Dawn I Die (1939), and Billy Wilder’s 1959 comedy Some Like it Hot, as a dancer in Bolero (1934), and a truck driver in They Drive by Night (1940). Born George Ranft in New York City, New York. (d. 1980)

1907

 Anthony Blunt
Anthony Blunt (26 September 1907 – 26 March 1983), known as Sir Anthony Blunt, KCVO, from 1956 to 1979, was a leading British art historian who in 1964, after being offered immunity from prosecution, confessed to having been a Soviet spy. He had been a member of the Cambridge Five, a group of spies working for the Soviet Union from some time in the 1930s to at least the early 1950s. A closely held secret for many years, his status was revealed publicly by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher in November 1979, and he was stripped of his knighthood immediately thereafter. Born Anthony Frederick Blunt in Bournemouth, Hampshire, England. (d. 1983)

1909

 Leonard Sachs
Leonard Sachs (26 September 1909 – 15 June 1990) was a South African-British actor. He founded an Old Time Music Hall, named the Players’ Theatre, in Villiers Street, London. He appeared as the Chairman of the Leeds City Varieties in the long-running television series The Good Old Days, which ran from 1953 to 1983, and became well known for his elaborate introductions of the performers. Born Leonard Meyer Sachs in Roodepoort, Transvaal, South Africa. (d. 1990)

1925

 Marty Robbins
Marty Robbins (September 26, 1925 – December 8, 1982) was an American singer, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist. One of the most popular and successful country and western singers of all time for most of his near four-decade career. Born Martin David Robinson in Glendale, Arizona. (d. 1982)

1926

 Julie London
Julie London (September 26, 1926 – October 18, 2000) was an American nightclub, jazz and pop singer, film and television actress and a former pinup model, whose career spanned five decades of television. She was noted for her smoky, sensual husky voice and languid demeanor. She released 32 albums of pop and jazz standards during the 1950s and 1960s, with her signature song being the classic “Cry Me a River”, which she introduced in 1955. Born Nancy Peck in Santa Rosa, California. (d. 2000)

1930

 Joe Brown
Joe Brown, CBE (born 26 September 1930) is an English climber. Brown is regarded as the outstanding pioneering English rock climber of the 1950s and early 1960s. He established an unprecedented number of classic new routes in Snowdonia and the Peak District that were at the leading edge of the hardest grades. In 1955, he made the first ascent of the world’s third highest mountain, Kangchenjunga in the Nepalese Himalaya and in 1956 he made the first ascent of the west summit of the Muztagh Tower in the Karakoram. Born Joseph Brown in Ardwick, Manchester, England.

1932

 Donna Douglas
Donna Douglas (born September 1932 – January 1, 2015) was an American actress and singer, known for her role as Elly May Clampett in CBS’s The Beverly Hillbillies (1962–1971). Born Doris Smith in Pride, Louisiana. (d. 2015)

1936

 Winnie Mandela
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela (born 26 September 1936) is a South African activist and politician who has held several government positions and headed the African National Congress Women’s League. She is a member of the ANC’s National Executive Committee. She was married to Nelson Mandela for 38 years, including 27 years during which he was imprisoned. Born Nomzamo Winifred Zanyiwe Madikizela in Bizana, Pondoland, Transkei, South Africa.

1939

 Ricky Tomlinson
Ricky Tomlinson (born 26 September 1939), known by his stage name Ricky Tomlinson, is an English actor, comedian, author and activist best known for his roles as Bobby Grant in Brookside, DCI Charlie Wise in Cracker and Jim Royle in The Royle Family. Born Eric Tomlinson in Bispham, Blackpool, Lancashire.

1944

 Anne Robinson
Anne Robinson (born 26 September 1944) is an English television presenter and journalist, known for her assertive views and acerbic style of presenting. She was one of the presenters on the long-running British series Watchdog from 1993 to 2001 and 2009 to 2015. She gained fame as the hostess of the BBC game show The Weakest Link from 2000 to 2012. Born Anne Josephine Robinson in Crosby, Lancashire, England.

1945

 Bryan Ferry
Bryan Ferry CBE (born 26 September 1945 in Washington, County Durham, England) is an English singer, songwriter and musician. Ferry came to prominence as the lead vocalist and principal songwriter with the glam art rock band Roxy Music, achieving three number one albums and ten top ten singles in the UK between 1972 and 1982. Born in Washington, County Durham, England.

1946

 Andrea Dworkin
Andrea Dworkin (September 26, 1946 – April 9, 2005) was an American radical feminist and writer best known for her criticism of pornography, which she argued was linked to rape and other forms of violence against women. Born Andrea Rita Dworkin in Camden, New Jersey. (d. 2005)

1947

 Lynn Anderson
Lynn Anderson (September 26, 1947 – July 30, 2015) was a multi-award-winning American country music singer known for a string of hits throughout the 1970s and 1980s, most notably her 1970 country-pop, worldwide megahit “(I Never Promised You a) Rose Garden”. Born Lynn Rene Anderson in Grand Forks, North Dakota. (d. 2015)

1948

 Olivia Newton-John
Olivia Newton-John, AO, OBE (born 26 September 1948) is an English-Australian singer, songwriter and actress. She is a four-time Grammy award winner who has amassed five number-one and ten other Top Ten Billboard Hot 100 singles, and two number-one Billboard 200 solo albums. She starred in Grease, which featured one of the most successful soundtracks in Hollywood history. Born in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire.

1949

 Minette Walters
Minette Walters (born 26 September 1949) is an English crime writer. Her first full-length novel, The Ice House, was published in 1992. With her next two books, The Sculptress and The Scold’s Bridle, Walters won the Mystery Writers of America Edgar Award. Born in Bishop’s Stortford.

1955

 Carlene Carter
Carlene Carter (born September 26, 1955) is an American country singer and songwriter. She is the daughter of June Carter. Since 1978 Carter has recorded twelve albums and released more than twenty singles. Born Rebecca Carlene Smith in Nashville, Tennessee.

1956

 Linda Hamilton
Linda Hamilton (born September 26, 1956) is an American actress best known for her portrayal of Sarah Connor in The Terminator film series. Born Linda Carroll Hamilton in Salisbury, Maryland.

1961

 Will Self
Will Self (born 26 September 1961) is an English novelist, journalist, political commentator and television personality. Self is the author of ten novels, five collections of shorter fiction, three novellas, and five collections of non-fiction writing. His novel Umbrella was shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize. Born William Woodard Self in Westminster, England.

1962

 Melissa Sue Anderson
Melissa Sue Anderson (born September 26, 1962) is an American-Canadian actress. She began her career as a child actress. Anderson is known for her role as Mary Ingalls on the NBC drama series Little House on the Prairie. Born in Berkeley, California.

1963

 Lysette Anthony
Lysette Anthony (born September 1963) is an English actress and model. She is perhaps best known for her roles in the Woody Allen film Husbands and Wives (1992), the first series of the ITV comedy-drama series Auf Wiedersehen, Pet, the BBC sitcom Three Up, Two Down and her role as Marnie Nightingale in Hollyoaks. Born Lysette Chodzko in Marylebone, London.

1968

 James Caviezel
Jim Caviezel (born September 26, 1968) is an American actor, best known for portraying Jesus Christ in the 2004 film The Passion of the Christ. From 2011 until 2016, he starred as John Reese on the CBS science-fiction crime drama series Person of Interest. Born James Patrick Caviezel in Mount Vernon, Washington.

1981

 Serena Williams
Serena Williams (born September 26, 1981) is an American professional tennis player, who is ranked No. 1 in women’s singles tennis. The Women’s Tennis Association (WTA) has ranked her world No. 1 in singles on six separate occasions. She became the world No. 1 for the first time on July 8, 2002, and achieved this ranking for the sixth time on February 18, 2013. Williams is regarded by some commentators and sports writers as the greatest female tennis player of all-time. Born Serena Jameka Williams in Saginaw, Michigan.

1982

 Jon Richardson
Jon Richardson (born 26 September 1982) is an English comedian. He is known for his appearances on 8 Out of 10 Cats and 8 Out of 10 Cats Does Countdown and his work as co-host with Russell Howard on BBC 6 Music. Born Jon Joel Richardson in Lancaster, Lancashire.

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