27 August


1874

 Carl Bosch
Carl Bosch (27 August 1874 – 26 April 1940) was a German chemist and engineer and Nobel laureate in chemistry. He was a pioneer in the field of high-pressure industrial chemistry and founder of IG Farben, at one point the world’s largest chemical company. Born in Cologne, Germany. (d. 1940)

1877

 Charles Rolls
Charles Rolls (27 August 1877 – 12 July 1910) was an English motoring and aviation pioneer. Together with Henry Royce he co-founded the Rolls-Royce car manufacturing firm. He was the first Briton to be killed in an aeronautical accident with a powered aircraft, when the tail of his Wright Flyer broke off during a flying display. Born Charles Stewart Rolls in Berkeley Square, London. (d. 1910)

1886

 Eric Coates
Eric Coates (27 August 1886 – 21 December 1957) was an English composer of light music and a viola player. Coates’s music, with its simple and memorable melodies, proved particularly effective for theme music. As well as “Knightsbridge”, the BBC also used Calling All Workers (1940) as the theme for the radio programme Music While You Work, and By the Sleepy Lagoon (1930) is still used to introduce the long-running radio programme Desert Island Discs. Born Eric Francis Harrison Coates in Hucknall, Nottinghamshire. (d. 1957)

1890

 Man Ray
Man Ray (born August 27, 1890 – November 18, 1976) was an American visual artist who spent most of his career in France. He was a significant contributor to the Dada and Surrealist movements. He was best known for his photography, and he was a renowned fashion and portrait photographer. Born Emmanuel Radnitzky in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (d. 1976)

1899

 C. S Forester
C. S. Forester (27 August 1899 – 2 April 1966) was an English novelist known for writing tales of naval warfare such as the 12-book Horatio Hornblower series, depicting a Royal Navy officer during the Napoleonic wars. His other works include The African Queen (1935; filmed in 1951 by John Huston). Born Cecil Louis Troughton Smith in Cairo, Khedivate of Egypt. (d. 1966)

1904

 Norah Lofts
Norah Lofts (27 August 1904 – 10 September 1983) was a 20th-century best-selling British author. She wrote more than fifty books specialising in historical fiction. Most of her historical novels fall into two general categories: biographical novels about queens, among them Anne Boleyn, Isabella I of Castile, and Catherine of Aragon; and novels set in East Anglia centered around the fictitious town of Baildon. Born Norah Ethel Robinson in Shipdham, Norfolk, England. (d. 1983)

1908

 Donald Bradman
Don Bradman, AC (27 August 1908 – 25 February 2001) was an Australian cricketer, widely acknowledged as the greatest Test batsman of all time. Bradman’s career Test batting average of 99.94 is often cited as the greatest achievement by any sportsman in any major sport. Born Sir Donald George Bradman AC in Cootamundra, New South Wales, Australia. (d. 2001)
 Lyndon B Johnson
Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969, assuming the office after serving as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963. Born Lyndon Baines Johnson in Stonewall, Texas. (d. 1973)

1916

 Martha Raye
Martha Raye (August 27, 1916 – October 19, 1994) was an American comic actress and standards singer who performed in movies, and later on television. She was honored in 1969 with an Academy Award as the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award recipient for her volunteer efforts and services to the troops. Born Margy Reed in Butte, Montana. (d. 1994)

1925

 Nat Lofthouse
Nat Lofthouse, OBE (27 August 1925 – 15 January 2011) was an English professional footballer who played for Bolton Wanderers for his whole career. He was capped 33 times for the England national football team between 1950 and 1958, scoring 30 goals and giving himself one of the greatest goals-per-game ratios of any player to represent England at the highest level. Born Nathaniel Lofthouse OBE in Bolton, Lancashire, England. (d. 2011)

1926

 Pat Coombs
Pat Coombs (27 August 1926 – 25 May 2002) was an English actress. Coombs specialised in the portrayal of the eternal downtrodden female – comically under the thumb of stronger personalities. She was known for many roles on radio, film and television sitcoms. Born Patricia Doreen Coombs in Camberwell, London, England. (d. 2002)

1929

 Ira Levin
Ira Levin (August 27, 1929- November 12, 2007) was an American novelist, playwright, and songwriter, best-known for the 1968 novel Rosemary’s Baby and the play Deathtrap. Five of his novels and three of his plays have been adapted to film. Born Ira Marvin Levin in New York City, New York. (d. 2007)

1932

 Antonia Fraser
Lady Antonia Fraser, DBE (born 27 August 1932) is a British author of history, novels, biographies and detective fiction. In 1996, she also published a book entitled The Gunpowder Plot: Terror and Faith in 1605, which won both the St Louis Literary Award and the Crime Writers’ Association (CWA) Non-Fiction Gold Dagger. Born Antonia Margaret Caroline Pakenham in London, England.

1942

 Daryl Dragon
Daryl Dragon (born August 27, 1942) is a keyboardist, known as Captain from the pop musical duo Captain & Tennille, with his wife, Toni Tennille. He was a keyboard player with The Beach Boys in the early 1970s. Born Daryl Frank Dragon in Los Angeles, California.

1943

 Tuesday Weld
Tuesday Weld (born August 27, 1943) is an American actress. She won a Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Female Newcomer in 1960. As a featured performer in supporting roles, her work was acknowledged with nominations for a Golden Globe Award for Play It As It Lays (1972), a nomination for Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for Looking for Mr. Goodbar (1978), an Emmy Award for The Winter of Our Discontent (1983), and a BAFTA for Once Upon a Time in America (1984). Born Susan Ker Weld in New York City, New York.

1947

 Barbara Bach
Barbara Bach (born August 27, 1947) is an American actress and model known for playing the Bond girl Anya Amasova in the James Bond film The Spy Who Loved Me (1977). She subsequently starred in Force 10 from Navarone (1978) with Robert Shaw and Harrison Ford. She is married to former Beatle Ringo Starr. Born Barbara Goldbach in Queens, New York.

1952

 Paul Reubens
Paul Reubens (born August 27, 1952) is an American actor, writer, film producer, game show host, and comedian, best known for his character Pee-wee Herman. Born Paul Rubenfeld in Peekskill, New York.

1954

 John Lloyd
John Lloyd (born 27 August 1954) is a former professional tennis player who reached an ATP world ranking of 21 from 23 July 1978 to 30 July 1978 and who was ranked as UK number 1 in 1984 and 1985. Born in Leigh-on-Sea, Essex, England.
 Derek Warwick
Derek Warwick (born 27 August 1954) is a British former racing driver from England. He raced for many years in Formula One, collecting four podiums but never winning a Grand Prix. He did, however, win the 1992 24 Hours of Le Mans and 1992 World Sportscar Championship. Born Derek Stanley Arthur Warwick in New Alresford, Hampshire, United Kingdom.

1955

 Nichola McAuliffe
Nichola McAuliffe (born 27 August 1955) is an English television and stage actress and writer, best known for her role as Sheila Sabatini in the ITV sitcom Surgical Spirit (1989-1995). She has also starred in several stage musicals and won the 1988 Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Musical for her role in Kiss Me, Kate. Born Nichola Teresa Mary McAuliffe in Surrey, England.

1957

 Bernhard Langer
Bernhard Langer (born 27 August 1957) is a German professional golfer. He is a two-time Masters champion and was one of the world’s leading golfers throughout the 1980s and 1990s. In 1986, he became the sport’s first official number one ranked player. Born in Anhausen, Bavaria, West Germany.

1959

 Jeanette Winterson
Jeanette Winterson, OBE (born 27 August 1959) is an award-winning English writer, who became famous with her first book, Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit, a semi-autobiographical novel. Born in Manchester, England.

1969

 Reece Shearsmith
Reece Shearsmith (born 27 August 1969) is an English actor, writer, comedian, producer, director, and magician. He created, wrote, and acted in the sitcom/sketch show The League of Gentlemen (along with fellow performers Steve Pemberton, Mark Gatiss, and Jeremy Dyson) in which he played over 30 characters. Born Reeson Wayne Shearsmith in Hull Yorkshire England.

1972

 Denise Lewis
Denise Lewis OBE (born 27 August 1972) is a retired English track and field athlete, who specialised in the heptathlon. She won the gold medal in the heptathlon at the 2000 Sydney Olympics. Born in West Bromwich, England.

1976

 Sarah Chalke
Sarah Chalke (born August 27, 1976) is a Canadian-American actress known for portraying Dr. Elliot Reid on the comedy series Scrubs, the second Becky Conner on the sitcom Roseanne, and Stella Zinman on the CBS sitcom How I Met Your Mother. Born in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
 Mark Webber
Mark Webber (born 27 August 1976) is an Australian professional racing driver, currently competing in the FIA World Endurance Championship as a Porsche works driver. Webber made his Formula One debut in 2002. His first F1 win was with Red Bull at the 2009 German Grand Prix. Born Mark Alan Webber in Queanbeyan, New South Wales, Australia.

1978

 Suranne Jones
Suranne Jones (born Sarah Anne Jones; 27 August 1978) is an English actress. She first rose to prominence playing the role of Karen McDonald in ITV1’s soap opera Coronation Street over a period of four years. Since 2011, Jones has starred in Scott & Bailey as DC Rachel Bailey. Born Sarah Anne Jones in Chadderton, Oldham.

1988

 Alexa Vega
Alexa Vega (born August 27, 1988) is an American actress and singer. She is known for her role as Carmen Cortez in the Spy Kids film series. Born Alexa Ellesse Vega in Miami, Florida.

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