31 August


 Hermann von Helmholtz
Hermann von Helmholtz (August 31, 1821 – September 8, 1894) was a German physician and physicist who made significant contributions to several widely varied areas of modern science. In physics, he is known for his theories on the conservation of energy, work in electrodynamics, chemical thermodynamics, and on a mechanical foundation of thermodynamics. Born Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz in Potsdam, Kingdom of Prussia. (d. 1894)


 Maria Montessori
Maria Montessori (August 31, 1870 – May 6, 1952) was an Italian physician and educator best known for the philosophy of education that bears her name. Her educational method is in use today in some public and private schools throughout the world. Born Maria Tecla Artemisia Montessori in Chiaravalle, Marche, Italy. (d. 1952)


 Fredric March
Fredric March (August 31, 1897 – April 14, 1975) was a “distinguished stage actor and one of Hollywood’s most celebrated, versatile stars of the 1930s and 40s.” He won the Academy Award for Best Actor in 1932 for Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde and in 1947 for The Best Years of Our Lives. March is the only actor to have won both the Academy Award and the Tony Award twice. Born Ernest Frederick McIntyre Bickel in Racine, Wisconsin. (d. 1975)


 Bernard Lovell
Sir Bernard Lovell, OBE, FRS (31 August 1913 – 6 August 2012) was an English physicist and radio astronomer. He was the first Director of Jodrell Bank Observatory, from 1945 to 1980. Born Alfred Charles Bernard Lovell in Oldland Common. (d. 2012)


 Richard Basehart
Richard Basehart (August 31, 1914 – September 17, 1984) was an American actor. He starred in the 1960s television science fiction drama Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea, in the role of Admiral Harriman Nelson. Born John Richard Basehart in Zanesville, Ohio. (d. 1984)


 Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner (August 31, 1918 – June 14, 1986) was an American lyricist and librettist. In collaboration with Frederick Loewe, and later Burton Lane, he created some of the world’s most popular and enduring works of musical theatre for both the stage and on film. He won three Tony Awards and three Academy Awards, among other honors. Born in New York City. (d. 1986)


 Larry Grayson
Larry Grayson (31 August 1923 – 7 January 1995) was an English comedian and television presenter who was best known in the 1970s and early ’80s. He is best remembered for hosting the BBC’s popular series The Generation Game and for his high camp and English music hall humour. Born William Sulley White in Banbury, Oxfordshire, England. (d. 1995)


 Buddy Hackett
Buddy Hackett (August 31, 1924 – June 30, 2003) was an American comedian and actor. His best remembered roles include Marcellus Washburn in The Music Man (1962), Benjy Benjamin in It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World (1963), Tennessee Steinmetz in The Love Bug (1968), and Scuttle in The Little Mermaid (1989). Born Leonard Hacker in Brooklyn, New York. (d. 2003)
 George Sewell
George Sewell (31 August 1924 – 2 April 2007) was an English actor. He appeared in TV series Special Branch, science-fiction drama UFO and the Jasper Carrott comedy, The Detectives. Born in Hoxton, London, England. (d. 2007)


 James Coburn
James Coburn (August 31, 1928 – November 18, 2002) was an American actor. He was featured in more than 70 films, largely in action roles, and made 100 television appearances during his 45-year career, ultimately winning an Academy Award in 1997 for his supporting role as Glen Whitehouse in Affliction. Born James Harrison Coburn III in Laurel, Nebraska. (d. 2002)


 Roy Castle
Roy Castle, OBE (31 August 1932 – 2 September 1994) was an English dancer, singer, comedian, actor, television presenter and musician. In addition to being a talented jazz trumpet player, he could play many other instruments. Born in Scholes, West Yorkshire, England. (d. 1994)


 Eldridge Cleaver
Eldridge Cleaver (August 31, 1935 – May 1, 1998) was an American writer and political activist who became an early leader of the Black Panther Party. Born Leroy Eldridge Cleaver in Wabbaseka, Arkansas. (d. 1998)


 Roger Dean
Roger Dean (born 31 August 1944), better known as Roger Dean, is an English artist, designer and publisher. He is best known for his work on posters and album covers for musicians, which he began painting in the late 1960s. The artists for whom he did the most art are English rock bands Yes and Asia. Born William Roger Dean in Ashford, Kent.
 Clive Lloyd
Clive Lloyd CBE AO (born 31 August 1944) is a former West Indies cricketer. In 1971 he was named Wisden Cricketer of the Year. He captained the West Indies between 1974 and 1985 and oversaw their rise to become the dominant Test-playing nation. He is one of the most successful Test captains of all time: during his captaincy the side had a run of 27 matches without defeat. He was the first West Indian player to earn 100 international caps. Lloyd captained the West Indies in three World Cups. Born Clive Hubert Lloyd in Georgetown, Demerara, British Guiana.


 Van Morrison
Van Morrison, OBE (born 31 August 1945) is a Northern Irish singer, songwriter and musician. He has received six Grammy Awards, the 1994 Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music, and has been inducted into both the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and the Songwriters Hall of Fame. In 2016 he was knighted for his musical achievements and his services to tourism and charitable causes in Northern Ireland. Born Sir George Ivan Morrison OBE in Bloomfield, Belfast, Northern Ireland.
 Itzhak Perlman
Itzhak Perlman (born August 31, 1945) is an Israeli-American violinist, conductor, and pedagogue. Over the course of his career, Perlman has performed worldwide, and throughout the United States, in venues that have included a State Dinner at the White House honoring Queen Elizabeth II, and a Presidential Inauguration, and he has conducted the Detroit Symphony Orchestra, and the Westchester Philharmonic. In 2015, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Born in Tel Aviv, British Mandate of Palestine.


 Richard Gere
Richard Gere (born August 31, 1949) is an American actor and activist. He began acting in the 1970s, playing a supporting role in Looking for Mr. Goodbar and a starring role in Days of Heaven. He came to prominence in 1980 for his role in the film American Gigolo, which established him as a leading man and a sex symbol. He went on to star in several hit films, including An Officer and a Gentleman, Pretty Woman, Primal Fear, Runaway Bride, Arbitrage and Chicago, for which he won a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor and a Screen Actors Guild Award for part of the Best Cast. Born Richard Tiffany Gere in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.


 Glenn Tilbrook
Glenn Tilbrook (born 31 August 1957) is the lead singer and guitarist of the English band Squeeze, a band formed in the mid-1970s. Born Glenn Martin Tilbrook in Woolwich, London.


 Todd Carty
Todd Carty (born 31 August 1963) is an Irish actor and director, who has grown up on television screens in a variety of roles. He is best known for his roles as Tucker Jenkins in Grange Hill, Mark Fowler in EastEnders, and psychopathic policeman Gabriel Kent in The Bill. Born in Limerick, County Limerick, Ireland.


 Debbie Gibson
Debbie Gibson (born August 31, 1970) is an American singer-songwriter, record producer, and actress. In 1988, she was pronounced the youngest female artist to write, produce, and perform a No. 1 single on the Billboard Hot 100, with her song “Foolish Beat”. She has gone on to starring roles on Broadway and touring musicals, as well as independent film and television work. Born Deborah Ann Gibson in Brooklyn, New York City.

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